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Irritability

Definition and Characteristics of Irritability: – Irritability is the excitatory ability of living organisms to respond to environmental changes. – It can manifest as negative […]

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Definition and Characteristics of Irritability:
– Irritability is the excitatory ability of living organisms to respond to environmental changes.
– It can manifest as negative affective states and temper outbursts.
– Irritability is characterized by a short temper, easy frustration, and is associated with various mental health conditions.
– Chronic irritability in older children may predict future mental health issues.

Neurophysiology and Factors Contributing to Irritability:
– Chronic irritability is linked to neural systems involving prefrontal areas and cortico-subcortical systems related to reward and threat processing.
– Genetic predisposition, environmental stressors, neurobiological factors, sleep disturbances, and underlying medical conditions can contribute to irritability.

Impact of Irritability on Mental Health:
– Irritability is a common symptom in various mental health disorders and can impair social relationships and daily functioning.
– Chronic irritability is associated with higher levels of stress and an increased risk of developing mood and anxiety disorders.

Assessment and Diagnosis of Irritability:
– Clinical interviews and self-report questionnaires are used for assessment.
– Differential diagnosis is crucial to distinguish underlying conditions and consider comorbidities.
– Severity and frequency of irritability episodes are assessed, and collaboration between mental health professionals is essential for accurate diagnosis.

Treatment Approaches for Irritability:
– Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, and pharmacological interventions like mood stabilizers are effective treatments.
– Lifestyle modifications, stress management techniques, and family therapy can help address underlying dynamics.
– A combination of treatments is often necessary for comprehensive care.

Irritability (Wikipedia)

Irritability is the excitatory ability that living organisms have to respond to changes in their environment. The term is used for both the physiological reaction to stimuli and for the pathological, abnormal or excessive sensitivity to stimuli.

Irritability
SpecialtyPsychiatry

When reflecting human emotion and behavior, it is commonly defined as the tendency to react to stimuli with negative affective states (especially anger) and temper outbursts, which can be aggressive. Distressing or impairing irritability is important from a mental health perspective as a common symptom of concern and predictor of clinical outcomes.

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