SCIENCE BEHIND

About NeoRhythm and Neuromodulation

Neuromodulation is the alteration of nerve activity through targeted delivery of a stimulus, such as electrical stimulation or chemical agents, to specific neurological sites in the body (International Neuromodulation Society). The technology has been widely used for decades with great success and proven results in wellness and medical devices.

NeoRhythm is the latest innovation in this rapidly developing field of neuroscience, using a non-invasive magnetic method of neuromodulation – magnetic stimulation (PEMF) – to target specific areas of the brain with the purpose of helping the user reach a desired state of mind such as sleep, deep meditation, relaxation, focus and more.

Understanding Our Brain and Brainwaves

Neural oscillations, also known as brainwaves, are reflections of repetitive electrochemical activity in the brain and central nervous system. They are similar to acoustic and optical waves as they also have a specific frequency and amplitude. Our every activity is reflected in the form of brainwaves with a dominant frequency and accompanying frequencies.

Gamma brainwaves have the highest frequencies (30 Hz+) and are dominant in states with heightened perception. Beta brainwaves (14-30 Hz) are dominant when we are awake and our consciousness is normally alert. Alpha brainwaves (9-13 Hz) are dominant when we are relaxed – still awake but less alert and perceptive. Theta brainwaves (4-8 Hz) are dominant when we are in a state of reduced consciousness – light and REM sleep, dreaming or deep meditation. Delta brainwaves (less than 4 Hz) are dominant when we are in deep sleep without awareness of our surrounding.

These frequencies of brainwaves are not just reflections of our state of mind – our state of mind can also be a reflection of these frequencies.

Brainwave Entrainment

Brainwave entrainment is the process of encouraging the brain to adjust to external stimuli – in the case of NeoRhythm, these stimuli come in the form of electromagnetic pulses of specific frequencies. NeoRhythm emits scientifically confirmed frequencies that are characteristic for a certain state of mind. The brain adapts to these frequencies, reaching the desired state of mind quicker and easier.

How Does NeoRhythm Know Which Frequencies to Use?

We have programmed NeoRhythm to use specific dominant (generated through medium-intensity magnetic fields with 20-25 gauss) and accompanying frequencies (generated through lower-intensity magnetic fields with 2.5-5 gauss) in every stimulation program to reflect the brain’s naturally produced brainwave frequencies in the corresponding state of mind.

NeoRhythm’s Stimulation Frequencies

Improve Sleep

Dominant frequency: 4 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 2.67 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Theta Meditation

Dominant frequency: 4 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 10 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Pain Control

Dominant frequency: 303 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.0 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 12 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Enhance Mental Capacity

Dominant frequency: 33 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 50 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Meditation for Calming & Synchronization

Dominant frequency: 9 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 6 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Deep Relaxation

Dominant frequency: 10 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 3 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Energy & Vitality

Dominant frequency: 40 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 55 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.5 mT.

Theta Meditation

Dominant frequency: 4 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 10 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Improve Sleep

Dominant frequency: 4 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 2.67 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Pain Control

Dominant frequency: 303 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.0 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 12 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Enhance Mental Capacity

Dominant frequency: 33 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 50 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Meditation for Calming & Synchronization

Dominant frequency: 9 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 6 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Deep Relaxation

Dominant frequency: 10 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 3 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.25 mT.

Energy & Vitality

Dominant frequency: 40 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 2.5 mT.
Accompanying frequency: 55 Hz.
Magnetic flux density: 0.5 mT.

The Power of the Electromagnetic Force

Electromagnetic force is one of the four fundamental forces in the universe and is responsible for many observable phenomena in our everyday life. NeoRhythm harnesses its power to produce frequencies that stimulate the brain and coax it into the desired state of mind.

NeoRhythm’s 5 inverted coils, strategically placed across the headband, separately and in tune create electromagnetic fields that emit waves with the right frequencies to which the brain adapts. NeoRhythm uses magnetic fields of low intensity with maximum magnetic flux density of 25 gauss (2,5 militesla). Magnetic fields of such flux density are still non-invasive and considered safe to use, but also scientifically confirmed to be effective in neurostimulation.

Not Just about Frequencies…

Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) that generate frequencies to which the brain adapts and reaches a desired state of mind in the process of brainwave entrainment also affect the function of the brain in a more direct way.
PEMF technology has been used for decades as a treatment for various medical conditions such as chronic pain, fractures and depression.

When electromagnetic fields reach the brain, they produce small electrical currents, which stimulate blood perfusion, promote cellular repair and enable the cells to perform their function.

Targeting the Right Part of the Brain

NeoRhythm can be worn in 4 stimulation positions to reach the right part of the brain according to the chosen mode of stimulation – and corresponding desired effect. In NeoRhythm’s Enhance Mental Capacity and Energy & Vitality modes we wear the device on the frontal region of the head, so that electromagnetic impulses can spread evenly to different parts of the cortex, which hosts a variety of mental processes. In the Pain Control mode, we wear it slightly lowered onto the back of the head in order to reach the parietal and temporal lobes. In both Meditation modes, the device is placed temporally above the ears to reach both the cortex and the limbic system. And in Deep Relaxation and Improve Sleep modes, we wear the device on the occiput to allow the electromagnetic pulses to spread evenly deeper into the brain.

The Largest and Most Precise Stimulation Area on the Market

The true power of NeoRhythm doesn’t lie in strong magnetic fields but in its generation of a large and precise stimulation area, created through 5 strategically placed inverted coils.
When stimulating the brain, it is crucial to hit the right spot and reach deep enough into the brain. NeoRhythm has been designed with the ability to stimulate different regions of the brain to be most effective. Different regions of the brain are responsible for different functions, and NeoRhythm can target prefrontal cortex, temporal lobes, cerebellum, parietal lobe, occipital lobe or even the spinal cord, depending on the desired effect.

How Do We Know That NeoRhythm Is Effective?

First, NeoRhythm’s stimulation is based on scientifically confirmed frequencies that have been tested and confirmed in various studies. Second, we have regularly tested it ourselves at various stages of development to optimize its effectiveness. Third, PEMF technology which it employs has been used in wellness and medicine devices with proven effects for decades. And fourth, its effectiveness has been confirmed by two double-blind, placebo-controlled studies at the BION Institute for Bioelectromagnetics and New Biology (for Improve Sleep and Enhance Mental Capacity modes).

NeoRhythm Is Based on Numerous Studies and
Treatment Protocols

Hundreds of relevant scientific studies and publications have been reviewed and evaluated during our 3 (and more) years of research and development. Below is the list of core studies (most of them have been made on multi-coil systems) that have directed the research and shaped the design of our devices.

NeoRhythm has been proven effective by 2 double-blind, placebo-controlled studies:

Relaxation study (Influencing Relaxation by a Low Intensity Transcranial Pulsed Magnetic Stimulation Applying the Entrainment Model)

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Attention study (Enhancing Vigilance by Low Intensity Transcranial Pulsed Magnetic Stimulation Applying the Entrainment Model)

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Lutz, A., Greischar, L. L., Rawlings, N. B., Ricard, M. & Davidson, R. J. (2004). Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences, 101(46), 16369-16373.

Baijal, S. & Srinivasan, N. (2010). Theta activity and meditative states: spectral changes during concentrative meditation. Cognitive processing, 11(1), 31-38.

Pasquini, H. A., Tanaka, G. K., Basile, L. F. H., Velasques, B., Lozano, M. D. & Ribeiro, P. (2015). Electrophysiological correlates of long-term Soto Zen meditation. BioMed Research International, 2015.

Braboszcz, C., Cahn, B. R., Levy, J., Fernandez, M. & Delorme, A. (2017).Increased gamma brainwave amplitude compared to control in three different meditation traditions. PloS one, 12(1), e0170647.

Cahn, B. R., Delorme, A. & Polich, J. (2010).Occipital gamma activation during Vipassana meditation. Cognitive processing, 11(1), 39-56.

Gao, X., Wang, X., Chen, F., Qi, H., Wang, X., Ming, D. & Zhou, P. (2014, August).Research on brain induced effect byextremely low frequency pulsed magnetic stimulation. In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (pp. 2613-2616). IEEE.

Bell, G. B., Marino, A. A. & Chesson, A. L. (1994). Frequency-specific responses in the human brain caused by electromagnetic fields. Journal of the neurological sciences, 123(1), 26-32.

Rubik, B. (2011) Neurofeedback-enhanced gamma brainwaves from the prefrontal cortical region ofmeditators and non-meditators and associated subjective experiences.The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(2), 109-115.

Colzato, L. S. (Ed.). (2017).Theory-driven approaches to cognitive enhancement..Springer

Makowiecki, K., Garrett, A., Harvey, A. R. & Rodger, J. (2018). Low-intensity repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation requires concurrent visual system activity to modulate visual evoked potentials in adult mice. Scientific reports, 8(1), 5792.

Meyers, B. A. (2013).Pemf-the Fifth Element of Health: Learn Why Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (Pemf) Therapy Supercharges Your Health Like.Nothing Else! BalboaPress.

Moscatelli F, Valenzano A, Monda V, Ruberto M, Monda G, Triggiani AI, Monda E, Chieffi S, Villano I, Parisi L, Roccella M, Messina A. (2017). Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) application in sport medicine: A brief review. Acta Medica Mediterranea, 33: 423 – 430.

Pawluk MD MSc, William (2017). Power Tools for Health: How pulsed magnetic fields (PEMFs) help you. FriesenPress. Kindle Edition.

Pentelényi, K. (2013). Pulsed Magnetic Therapy. Drug-free healing and pain relief. Oxford Medical Instruments Hungary.

Rosch, P. J. & Markov, M. S. (2004). Bioelectromagnetic medicine. Informa Healthcare.

Thuile, C. (1998).Das große Buch der Magnetfeldtherapie für Ärzte, Therapeuten und Patienten. Neomedica GmbH.