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Historical Evolution of Beds: – Early European beds stuffed with materials like straw, chaff, and animal hair. – Ancient Indian beds hung from ceilings and […]

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Historical Evolution of Beds:
– Early European beds stuffed with materials like straw, chaff, and animal hair.
– Ancient Indian beds hung from ceilings and made of wood with special stuffing.
– Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Assyrians, Medes, and Persians had various types of beds with unique features.
– In the medieval period, bedsteads were made of wood with intricate ornamentation.
– Innovations in bed design through the centuries, including the style ‘à la duchesse’ in the 17th century.

Cultural and Specialized Beds:
– Traditional beds like infant beds, kang bed-stoves, Charpais, mourning beds, and Ottoman beds.
– Unique beds such as camp beds, futons, hammocks, Murphy beds, and trundle beds.
– Notable examples like the Great Bed of Ware and the Golden Bed by William Burges.
– Various types like brass beds, bunk beds, loft beds, captains beds, and canopy beds.
– Specialized beds like adjustable beds, air beds, bassinets, box-beds, and Chinese style beds.

Bed Components and Accessories:
– Bedding items such as sheets, quilts, duvets, headboards, side rails, footboards, and pillows.
– Bed frames made of wood or metal, with head, foot, and side rails.
– Different types of frames like platform, captain or storage, and waterbed frames.
– Headboards and footboards made of wood, metal, or fabric, with wooden slats supporting the mattress.
– Bedding innovations like weighted blankets and sleeping bags.

Technological Advancements in Beds:
– Innovative bed designs like hideaway beds, hospital beds, roll-away beds, sofabeds, and vibrating beds.
– Historical advancements like the use of feather pillows in Germany in the 18th century.
– Portable beds used in high society in France until the end of the Ancien Régime.
– Diverse bed sizes worldwide with each country having its standards.
– Different types of beds catering to specific needs like adjustable beds, air beds, and bassinets.

Archaeological and Prehistoric Beds:
– Oldest grass bedding discovered dating back over 200,000 years.
– Apes in the Miocene period creating beds with wooden platforms and pillows.
– Ancient beds found in Sibudu Cave, South Africa, and Skara Brae, Northern Scotland.
– The Odyssey describing the bed of Odysseus made from an olive tree trunk with precious inlays.
– Use of insect-repellent plants and ash layers in prehistoric grass bedding.

Bed (Wikipedia)

A bed is an item of furniture that is used as a place to sleep, rest, and relax.

Bedroom on the Detmold Open-air Museum premises

Most modern beds consist of a soft, cushioned mattress on a bed frame. The mattress rests either on a solid base, often wood slats, or a sprung base. Many beds include a box spring inner-sprung base, which is a large mattress-sized box containing wood and springs that provide additional support and suspension for the mattress. Beds are available in many sizes, ranging from infant-sized bassinets and cribs, to small beds for a single person or adult, to large queen and king-size beds designed for two people. While most beds are single mattresses on a fixed frame, there are other varieties, such as the murphy bed, which folds into a wall, the sofa bed, which folds out of a sofa, the trundle bed, which is stored under a low, twin-sized bed and can be rolled out to create a larger sleeping area, and the bunk bed, which provides two mattresses on two tiers as well as a ladder to access the upper tier. Temporary beds include the inflatable air mattress and the folding camp cot. Some beds contain neither a padded mattress nor a bed frame, such as the hammock. Other beds are made specifically for animals.

Beds may have a headboard for resting against, and may have side rails and footboards. "Headboard only" beds may incorporate a "dust ruffle", "bed skirt", or "valance sheet" to hide the bed frame. To support the head, a pillow made of a soft, padded material is usually placed on the top of the mattress. Some form of covering blanket is often used to insulate the sleeper, often bed sheets, a quilt, or a duvet, collectively referred to as bedding. Bedding is the removable non-furniture portion of a bed, which enables these components to be washed or aired out.

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