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Brain mapping

Brain Mapping Overview: – Brain mapping involves producing brain images with additional data processing. – Connectogram and connectomes are used to depict cortical regions and […]

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Brain Mapping Overview:
– Brain mapping involves producing brain images with additional data processing.
– Connectogram and connectomes are used to depict cortical regions and white matter fibers.
– Brain mapping techniques evolve with advancements in image acquisition and analysis.
– Various techniques like fMRI and EEG are used to map the human brain.

Historical Milestones in Brain Mapping:
– Institute of Medicine established a panel in the late 1980s in the US.
– Human Brain Project and International Consortium for Brain Mapping were established.
– Goal is to develop flexible computational brain atlases.
– Understanding traumatic brain injuries and improving treatment are key goals.

Advancements in Brain Mapping Techniques:
– High-throughput mapping of a whole rhesus monkey brain was achieved by Xu et al.
– Single-cell Stereo-seq used in axolotl brain regeneration study.
– Multifaceted atlases of human brain in infancy.
– Adaptive kernel regression for brain atlas construction.

Connectomics Research and Innovations:
– A comprehensive atlas of brain cells was rolled out by neuroscientists at the University of California-Berkeley.
– Google and Harvard collaborated to map brain connections in unprecedented detail.
– Meirovitch et al. revealed synaptic ordering rules in neuromuscular connectomes across development.
– A census of cell types in the brain’s motor cortex was conducted by Winnubst and Arber.

Future Directions and Resources in Brain Mapping:
– The U.S. Government launched a $100-million Apollo Project of the Brain.
– Brain mapping techniques using adaptive kernel regression.
– Literature review showcasing progress in brain mapping research.
– ‘Recent Advances in Human Brain Mapping’ edited by Koichi Hirata.

Brain mapping (Wikipedia)

Brain mapping is a set of neuroscience techniques predicated on the mapping of (biological) quantities or properties onto spatial representations of the (human or non-human) brain resulting in maps.

Brain mapping
MeSHD001931

According to the definition established in 2013 by Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics (SBMT), brain mapping is specifically defined, in summary, as the study of the anatomy and function of the brain and spinal cord through the use of imaging, immunohistochemistry, molecular & optogenetics, stem cell and cellular biology, engineering, neurophysiology and nanotechnology.

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