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Whole grain

Nutritional Benefits of Whole Grains: – Whole grains contain the endosperm, germ, and bran, providing essential nutrients like iron, magnesium, and B vitamins. – Rich […]

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Nutritional Benefits of Whole Grains:
– Whole grains contain the endosperm, germ, and bran, providing essential nutrients like iron, magnesium, and B vitamins.
– Rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, whole grains offer health benefits such as reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
– Consumption of whole grains is associated with lower overall mortality rates.

Protein Quality and Whole Grains:
– Cereal proteins have low quality due to lysine deficiencies, often requiring supplementation from other sources.
– Pseudocereals like quinoa and amaranth are highly nutritious grains, rich in lysine and essential amino acids.

Disease Risk Reduction with Whole Grains:
– Whole grains lower the risk of coronary heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes.
– Consumption is associated with lower LDL and triglyceride levels, with strong evidence of decreasing colorectal cancer risk.

Gluten Concerns and Alternatives:
– Gluten can trigger conditions like coeliac disease and non-coeliac gluten sensitivity.
– Minor cereals and pseudocereals offer gluten-free alternatives for those with gluten-related disorders.

Regulations and Recommendations for Whole Grains:
– Wholegrain products are identified by specific criteria set by organizations like AACC.
– Regulations exist on milling wheat for flour, and terms like ‘wholemeal’ are legally protected in some regions.
– Health authorities recommend whole grain consumption for its various health benefits, with approved health claims related to cardiovascular health and disease prevention.

Whole grain (Wikipedia)

A whole grain is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.

As part of a general healthy diet, consumption of whole grains is associated with lower risk of several diseases. Whole grains are a source of carbohydrates, multiple nutrients and dietary fiber.

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