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Unconscious mind

Historical Overview of the Unconscious Mind: – Coined by Friedrich Schelling and introduced by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. – Presence in ancient Vedas and mentioned by […]

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Historical Overview of the Unconscious Mind:
– Coined by Friedrich Schelling and introduced by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
– Presence in ancient Vedas and mentioned by Paracelsus.
– Exploration by William Shakespeare and adoption by Western philosophers like Schopenhauer and Nietzsche.
– Recognition in 19th-century psychology by William James, Fechner, Wundt, and Eduard von Hartmann.
– Development of psychoanalytic theories by Freud.

Freudian Contributions to Understanding the Unconscious:
– Freud’s iceberg metaphor and division of the mind into conscious, preconscious, and unconscious levels.
– Significance of psychic events in the unconscious mind.
– Role of the preconscious in transitioning contents to conscious awareness.
– Identification of unconscious mental processes through their effects on consciousness.
– Influence of the unconscious in dreams and psychoanalysis.

Jung’s Perspective on the Unconscious:
– Proposal of personal and collective unconscious layers.
– Content of personal unconscious and collective unconscious.
– Concept of archetypes as energy centers or psychological functions.
– Belief in the unconscious as a determinant of personality.

Empirical Evidence and Contemporary Perspectives on the Unconscious Mind:
– Unconscious phenomena including repressed feelings, desires, and memories.
– Influence of the unconscious on conscious thought processes and behavior.
– Source of dreams, automatic thoughts, and forgotten memories.
– Cognitive psychology research on unconscious mental processes.
– Unconscious processing of information and its impact on human orientation.

Critiques and Alternative Views on the Unconscious:
– Dispute by philosophers like Franz Brentano, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Erich Fromm.
– Criticism from John Searle and other critics.
– Exploration of alternative models of the unconscious.
– Influence of various works and philosophers on the understanding of the unconscious.
– Discussion of memory, identity, and philosophical perspectives related to the unconscious.

Unconscious mind (Wikipedia)

In psychoanalysis and other psychological theories, the unconscious mind (or the unconscious) is the part of the psyche that is not available to introspection. Although these processes exist beneath the surface of conscious awareness, they are thought to exert an effect on conscious thought processes and behavior. Empirical evidence suggests that unconscious phenomena include repressed feelings and desires, memories, automatic skills, subliminal perceptions, and automatic reactions. The term was coined by the 18th-century German Romantic philosopher Friedrich Schelling and later introduced into English by the poet and essayist Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

The emergence of the concept of the Unconscious in psychology and general culture was mainly due to the work of Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. In psychoanalytic theory, the unconscious mind consists of ideas and drives that have been subject to the mechanism of Repression: anxiety-producing impulses in childhood are barred from consciousness, but do not cease to exist, and exert a constant pressure in the direction of consciousness. However, the content of the unconscious is only knowable to consciousness through its representation in a disguised or distorted form, by way of dreams and neurotic symptoms, as well as in slips of the tongue and jokes. The psychoanalyst seeks to interpret these conscious manifestations in order to understand the nature of the repressed.

The unconscious mind can be seen as the source of dreams and automatic thoughts (those that appear without any apparent cause), the repository of forgotten memories (that may still be accessible to consciousness at some later time), and the locus of implicit knowledge (the things that we have learned so well that we do them without thinking). Phenomena related to semi-consciousness include awakening, implicit memory, subliminal messages, trances, hypnagogia and hypnosis. While sleep, sleepwalking, dreaming, delirium and comas may signal the presence of unconscious processes, these processes are seen as symptoms rather than the unconscious mind itself.

Some critics have doubted the existence of the unconscious altogether.

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