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Social neuroscience

Overview of Social Neuroscience: – Social neuroscience studies the impact of social experiences on biological systems. – It integrates biology to develop theories of social […]

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Overview of Social Neuroscience:
– Social neuroscience studies the impact of social experiences on biological systems.
– It integrates biology to develop theories of social behavior in the social sciences.
– Emphasizes the relationship between social and biological domains.
– Hyperscanning explores neuronal activities in shared cognitive tasks.

Methods in Social Neuroscience:
– Behavioral techniques from social psychology, cognitive psychology, and neuropsychology are utilized.
– Neurobiological techniques like fMRI, MEG, PET, EEG, and TMS aid investigations.
– Virtual reality techniques and animal models play a significant role.
– fMRI, EEG, and TMS are popular methods with distinct resolutions for brain mapping.

Social Cognitive Neuroscience:
– Investigates the biological underpinnings of social cognition.
– Focuses on how the brain mediates social interactions.
– Studies the relationship between social experiences and neurophysiological processes.
– Explores neural mechanisms underlying social processes and behavior.

Advances in Social and Biological Sciences Synthesis:
– Advances have led to a new approach combining social and biological sciences.
– Emphasizes multi-level analyses to understand mechanisms of the human mind and behavior.
– Highlights the complementary relationship between different levels of organization.
– Applies social and behavioral constructs to advance theories of neural organization.

Challenges and Limitations in Social Neuroscience:
– Most methods provide correlations between brain mapping and social events.
– Interpreting research through correlations can decrease content validity.
– Isolating variables during experiments can be challenging.
– Self-reports, hormone tests, and SCRs help infer causality in social neuroscience.

Social cognitive neuroscience (Wikipedia)

Social cognitive neuroscience is the scientific study of the biological processes underpinning social cognition. Specifically, it uses the tools of neuroscience to study "the mental mechanisms that create, frame, regulate, and respond to our experience of the social world". Social cognitive neuroscience uses the epistemological foundations of cognitive neuroscience, and is closely related to social neuroscience. Social cognitive neuroscience employs human neuroimaging, typically using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Human brain stimulation techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct-current stimulation are also used. In nonhuman animals, direct electrophysiological recordings and electrical stimulation of single cells and neuronal populations are utilized for investigating lower-level social cognitive processes.

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