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History and Research: – In 1927, Alois Benjamin Saliger invented the Psycho-Phone for sleep learning. – Electroencephalography studies by Charles W. Simon and William H. […]

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History and Research:
– In 1927, Alois Benjamin Saliger invented the Psycho-Phone for sleep learning.
– Electroencephalography studies by Charles W. Simon and William H. Emmons in 1956 concluded that learning during sleep was impractical.
– Stimulus material presented during sleep was not recalled later unless alpha wave activity occurred simultaneously.
– Learning by sleep has not been taken seriously since the 1956 studies.
– Natural sleep is believed to be identical to hypnotic sleep, making the unconscious mind most receptive to suggestions.
– Emmons William and Simon Charles conducted research in 1956 on non-recall of material during sleep.
– Fox and Robbin’s 1952 study focused on the retention of material presented during sleep.
– Fox’s 1968 work explored current research in Hypnopaedia.
– Leshan’s 1942 study examined breaking a habit through suggestion during sleep.
– Various studies provide insights into the effectiveness and limitations of sleep-learning.
– The studies were published in reputable journals like the American Journal of Psychology and the Journal of Experimental Psychology.

In Fiction and Cultural References:
– Hugo Gernsback’s 1911 story features the Hypnobioscope, a sleep learning device.
– Aldous Huxley’s 1932 novel ‘Brave New World’ introduced sleep-learning for conditioning children.
– Robert Heinlein’s 1948 novel ‘Space Cadet’ includes drug-aided hypnosis for language learning.
– Anthony Burgess’s 1962 novel ‘A Clockwork Orange’ uses sleep-learning to reverse conditioning effects.
– The 1966 novel ‘Flowers for Algernon’ features a character using a teaching machine for learning.
– Educational technology is linked to sleep-learning.
– The Mozart effect is a concept related to music’s influence on cognitive abilities.
– Sleep and learning explore the scientific connection between sleep and learning processes.

References and Further Reading:
– Diekelmann and Born’s 2010 study discusses the memory function of sleep.
– The New Yorker reported on the Psycho-Phone in 1933.
– Fromm and Shor’s 1972 book ‘Hypnosis’ is a reference on the topic.
– Kleitman’s 1987 book ‘Sleep and Wakefulness’ is a resource on sleep research.
– provides information on hypnopaedia or sleep learning.
– ‘The memory function of sleep’ by Diekelmann and Born.
– ‘Hypnosis’ by Erika Fromm and Ronald E. Shor.
– ‘Sleep and Wakefulness’ by Nathaniel Kleitman.
– Information on hypnopaedia or sleep learning from

Categorization and Web Archive Information:
– Sleep-learning falls within the categories of sleep and educational technology.
– Some consider sleep-learning a form of pseudoscience due to differing opinions on its efficacy.
– Hidden categories on related web pages may contain additional information on sleep-learning.
– The topic of sleep-learning intersects with psychology, education, and cognitive science.
– Articles with short descriptions often summarize the key aspects of sleep-learning for readers.
– Webarchive templates with wayback links preserve historical versions of content on sleep-learning.
– Dead external links from May 2018 may hinder access to relevant information.
– Articles with permanently dead external links suggest challenges in verifying certain details.
– Utilizing archived versions can aid in tracking changes in sleep-learning research over time.
– The web archive provides a valuable resource for studying the evolution of sleep-learning studies.

Research Impact and Application:
– Sleep-learning research contributes to understanding memory processes during sleep.
– The studies shed light on the potential benefits and limitations of sleep-based learning techniques.
– Insights from these studies can inform educational practices and cognitive enhancement strategies.
– Sleep-learning research remains a subject of interest for scholars in various fields.
– Examining the impact of sleep-learning studies helps in evaluating their relevance and applications.

Sleep-learning (Wikipedia)

Sleep-learning (also known as hypnopædia or hypnopedia) is an attempt to convey information to a sleeping person, typically by playing a sound recording to them while they sleep. Although sleep is considered an important period for memory consolidation, scientific research has concluded that sleep-learning is not possible. It appears frequently in fiction.

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