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Samuel Taylor Coleridge

– Early life and education: – Coleridge was born in 1772 in Ottery St Mary, Devon, England. – His father, Reverend John Coleridge, was a […]

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– Early life and education:
– Coleridge was born in 1772 in Ottery St Mary, Devon, England.
– His father, Reverend John Coleridge, was a respected vicar and headmaster.
– Coleridge was sent to Christs Hospital charity school in London after his father’s death.
– He formed a close bond with Charles Lamb and studied classical works.
– Coleridge excelled in poetry and won accolades for his literary skills.

– Literary contributions:
– Coleridge co-founded the Romantic Movement in England with William Wordsworth.
– Notable works include “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” and “Kubla Khan.”
– He wrote the influential prose work “Biographia Literaria.”
– Coleridge introduced German idealist philosophy to English-speaking cultures.
– He coined several common phrases, including “suspension of disbelief.”

– Personal struggles:
– Coleridge battled anxiety, depression, and potentially bipolar disorder.
– He suffered from poor physical health, likely due to childhood illnesses.
– Coleridge developed an opium addiction to treat his health issues.
– Despite personal challenges, his literary reputation grew posthumously.
– Coleridge’s influence extended to American transcendentalism.

– Academic pursuits:
– Coleridge attended Jesus College, Cambridge, from 1791 to 1794.
– He won the Browne Gold Medal for an anti-slave trade ode in 1792.
– Coleridge briefly enlisted in the military under a false name in 1793.
– His involvement in radical political and theological ideas shaped his views.
– Coleridge’s collaboration with Robert Southey on “The Fall of Robespierre” showcased his diverse interests.

– Legacy and recognition:
– Coleridge is celebrated as one of the most influential English poets.
– Posthumously, he gained recognition as a literary genius.
– The Church of England honors Coleridge’s work during events like Coleridge Day.
– His critical work on Shakespeare remains highly regarded.
– Coleridge’s impact on English literature and philosophy endures.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (Wikipedia)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (/ˈklərɪ/ KOH-lə-rij; 21 October 1772 – 25 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic, philosopher, and theologian who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets. He also shared volumes and collaborated with Charles Lamb, Robert Southey, and Charles Lloyd.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge
1795 portrait
1795 portrait
Born(1772-10-21)21 October 1772
Ottery St Mary, Devon, England
Died25 July 1834(1834-07-25) (aged 61)
Highgate, Middlesex, England
Occupation
  • Poet
  • philosopher
  • critic
  • moralist
  • theologian
Alma materJesus College, Cambridge
Subject
Literary movementRomanticism
Notable works
Spouse
Sara Fricker
(m. 1795)
Children4, including Hartley, Sara and Derwent
RelativesJames Coleridge (brother)
Signature

He wrote the poems The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan, as well as the major prose work Biographia Literaria. His critical work, especially on William Shakespeare, was highly influential, and he helped introduce German idealist philosophy to English-speaking cultures. Coleridge coined many familiar words and phrases, including "suspension of disbelief". He had a major influence on Ralph Waldo Emerson and American transcendentalism. Throughout his adult life, Coleridge had crippling bouts of anxiety and depression; it has been speculated that he had bipolar disorder, which had not been defined during his lifetime. He was physically unhealthy, which may have stemmed from a bout of rheumatic fever and other childhood illnesses. He was treated for these conditions with laudanum, which fostered a lifelong opium addiction.

Although experiencing a turbulent career and personal life with a variety of highs and lows, Coleridge's esteem grew after his death, and he became considered one of the most influential figures in English literature. For instance, a 2018 report by The Guardian labelled him "a genius" who had progressed into "one of the most renowned English poets." Organisations such as the Church of England celebrate his work during public events such as a "Coleridge Day" in June, with these activities including literary recitals.

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