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Praying the Rosary: – The Rosary is a set of prayers used in the Catholic Church. – It consists of decades of Hail Marys preceded […]

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Praying the Rosary:
– The Rosary is a set of prayers used in the Catholic Church.
– It consists of decades of Hail Marys preceded by Lords Prayers and followed by Glory Be.
– The O my Jesus prayer is sometimes recited after the Glory Be.
– Five decades are usually recited in a session.
– Each decade allows meditation on a Mystery of the Rosary.

Basic Structure and Variations:
– The Rosary begins with the Sign of the Cross and the Apostles Creed.
– It includes Lords Prayers, Hail Marys, and Glory Be in a specific sequence.
– Common additions to the Rosary include prayers like the Fatima Prayer.
– Different religious orders may have variations in the beginning prayers.
– The Litany of Loreto is often recited before the end.

Group Recitation and Mysteries:
– In group recitation, prayers are divided into two parts for antiphonal prayer.
– The Rosary includes 15 Mysteries grouped into Joyful, Sorrowful, Glorious, and Luminous.
– Each Mystery has a spiritual goal or fruit assigned to it.
– The Sorrowful Mysteries reflect on the suffering and sacrifice of Jesus.
– The Luminous Mysteries were added by Pope John Paul II in 2002.

History and Devotional Growth:
– The concept of the Rosary attributed to an apparition to Dominic of Osma in 1214.
– Official establishment of the Rosary devotion by Pope Pius V in 1569.
– Rosary confraternities began to be erected in the late 15th century.
– Emphasis on praying the Rosary with attention, devotion, and modesty.
– Rosary prayer movements like Terço dos Homens in Brazil and Rosario de Hombres Valientes in Hispanic countries.

Papal Endorsements, Indulgences, and Usage:
– Pope Pius V associated the Rosary with the Feast of Our Lady of Victory.
– Rosary beads aid in counting Hail Mary prayers while meditating on the mysteries.
– Rosaries are often made with materials of special significance.
– Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort encouraged Christians to wear rosary beads.
– Audio recordings of the Rosary assist in prayer pacing and memorization.

Rosary (Wikipedia)

The Rosary (/ˈrzəri/; Latin: rosarium, in the sense of "crown of roses" or "garland of roses"), also known as the Dominican Rosary (as distinct from other forms of rosary such as the Franciscan Crown, Bridgettine Rosary, Rosary of the Holy Wounds, etc.), refers to a set of prayers used primarily in the Catholic Church, and to the physical string of knots or beads used to count the component prayers. When referring to the prayer, the word is usually capitalized ("the Rosary", as is customary for other names of prayers, such as "the Lord's Prayer", and "the Hail Mary"); when referring to the prayer beads as an object, it is written with a lower-case initial letter (e.g. "a rosary bead").

La Visione di San Domenico (The Vision of Saint Dominic), Bernardo Cavallino, 1640

The prayers that compose the Rosary are arranged in sets of ten Hail Marys, called "decades". Each decade is preceded by one Lord's Prayer ("Our Father"), and traditionally followed by one Glory Be. Some Catholics also recite the "O my Jesus" prayer after the Glory Be; it is the best-known of the seven Fátima prayers that appeared in the early 20th century. Rosary prayer beads are an aid for saying these prayers in their proper sequence.

Usually, five decades are recited in a session. Each decade provides an opportunity to meditate on one of the Mysteries of the Rosary, which recall events in the lives of Jesus Christ and his mother Mary.

In the 16th century Pope Pius V established a standard 15 Mysteries of the Rosary, based on long-standing custom. This groups the mysteries in three sets: the Joyful Mysteries, the Sorrowful Mysteries, and the Glorious Mysteries. In 2002, Pope John Paul II said it is fitting that a new set of five be added, termed the Luminous Mysteries, bringing the total number of mysteries to 20. The mysteries are prayed on specific days of the week; with the addition of the Luminous Mysteries on Thursday, the others are the Glorious on Sunday and Wednesday, the Joyful on Monday and Saturday, and the Sorrowful on Tuesday and Friday.

Over more than four centuries, several popes have promoted the Rosary as part of the veneration of Mary in the Catholic Church, and consisting essentially in meditation on the life of Christ. The rosary also represents the Catholic emphasis on "participation in the life of Mary, whose focus was Christ", and the Mariological theme "to Christ through Mary".

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