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Repentance in Judaism

– How to repent: – Guides to repentance process in rabbinical literature – Teaching others not to sin – Resolution to never repeat the sin […]

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– How to repent:
– Guides to repentance process in rabbinical literature
– Teaching others not to sin
– Resolution to never repeat the sin after regretting it
– Personal system of reward and punishment for habitual sinners
– Full repentance shown by refraining from repeating the same sin

– When to repent:
– Repent immediately
– God is open to repentance during specific periods like Elul and Yom Kippur
– Repentance also encouraged towards the end of life
– Forgiveness granted when the community cries out to God
– Parable by Rabbi Eliezer to repent today, not knowing the day of death

– Effects of repentance:
– Debates in the Talmud about the spiritual level of a repentant person
– Repentance can transform intentional sins into unintentional or even merits
– Repenting out of love leads to self-transformation and development of good traits
– Repentance seen as a powerful tool to change one’s past
– Repentance considered a high level in spiritual growth

– Commentary on repentance:
– Repentance created before the physical universe in Jewish belief
– Stories of repentance in Jewish tradition like King Josiah and Herod Agrippa
– Way back to goodness always available for those willing to try
– Specific categories where the way back may be challenging
– Importance of repentance and forgiveness in Jewish ethics

– Related concepts and references:
– Baal teshuva and Baal teshuva movement
– Forgiveness, Jewish Ethics, and Orthodox Jewish outreach
– Similar concepts in Islam (Tawbah) and Christianity (Penance)
– References to Jewish texts and scholars discussing repentance
– Historical and theological perspectives on repentance in Judaism

Repentance in Judaism (Wikipedia)

Repentance (/tʃuvɑː/; Hebrew: תשובה, romanizedtǝšūvā "return") is one element of atoning for sin in Judaism. Judaism recognizes that everybody sins on occasion, but that people can stop or minimize those occasions in the future by repenting for past transgressions. Thus, the primary purpose of repentance in Judaism is ethical self-transformation.

Maimonides defines the essence of repentance as follows:

"The sinner must leave his sin, and remove it from his thoughts, and decide in his heart not to do it again... and he must regret the past... and [God] must know that he will never return to this sin... and he must confess with his lips, and say those matters which he decided in his heart."

A Jewish penitent is traditionally known as a baal teshuva.

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