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Ramadan Overview: – Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. – It is observed worldwide by Muslims as a month of fasting, […]

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Ramadan Overview:
– Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar.
– It is observed worldwide by Muslims as a month of fasting, prayer, reflection, and community.
– Fasting during Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is obligatory for adult Muslims.
– The fast starts at dawn and ends at sunset, with abstaining from food, drink, smoking, and marital relations.
– Each evening, the fast is broken with a meal called Iftar.

Significance of Ramadan:
– Ramadan is believed to be the month when the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad.
– It is a period for spiritual growth, self-discipline, and increased devotion to worship.
– Muslims aim to purify their hearts and draw closer to Allah through enhanced acts of worship.
– Emphasis is placed on charity and assisting those in need during Ramadan.
– The Night of Decree (Laylat al-Qadr) falls within the last ten nights of Ramadan and is considered highly auspicious.

Cultural Practices during Ramadan:
– Many Muslim-majority countries have unique cultural practices and traditions during Ramadan.
– Special foods and drinks are prepared for pre-dawn and sunset meals.
– Mosques are filled with worshippers for nightly prayers, including Taraweeh prayers.
– Some regions hold distinct community events, decorations, and festivities during Ramadan.
– The atmosphere of Ramadan is characterized by spiritual reflection, unity, and increased acts of worship.

Eid al-Fitr Celebration:
– Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawwal.
– It is a time of celebration, feasting, gift-giving, and communal prayers.
– Muslims are encouraged to give Zakat al-Fitr, a form of charity, before the Eid prayer.
– The day typically starts with communal prayers at mosques or prayer grounds.
– Families and friends gather to share meals and exchange greetings during Eid al-Fitr.

Global Observance and Impact of Ramadan:
– Muslims worldwide observe Ramadan regardless of location.
– Accommodations are made for fasting Muslims in schools and workplaces in non-Muslim-majority countries.
– Islamic centers and organizations host community Iftars and Taraweeh prayers.
– Social media and technology enable global connections and sharing of Ramadan experiences.
– The diverse Muslim communities globally enrich the observance of Ramadan.

Ramadan (Wikipedia)

Ramadan (Arabic: رَمَضَان, romanizedRamaḍān [ˤaːn]; also spelled Ramazan, Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (sawm), prayer (salah), reflection, and community. A commemoration of Muhammad's first revelation, the annual observance of Ramadan is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam and lasts twenty-nine to thirty days, from one sighting of the crescent moon to the next.

From top, left to right: A crescent moon over Sarıçam, Turkey, marking the beginning of the Islamic month of Ramadan; Ramadan Quran reading in Bandar Torkaman, Iran; community iftar meal in Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Tarawih prayers in a mosque in West Sumatra, Indonesia; foods served at a traditional iftar meal; Ramadan decorations in Jerusalem; zakat donation boxes in Taipei, Taiwan.
Also called
Observed byMuslims
CelebrationsCommunity iftars and prayers
BeginsAt the last night of the month of Sha'ban
EndsAt the last night of the month of Ramadan
DateVariable (follows the Islamic lunar calendar)
2024 date11/12 March – 9/10 April
FrequencyAnnual (lunar calendar)
Related to

Fasting from dawn to sunset is obligatory (fard) for all adult Muslims who are not acutely or chronically ill, travelling, elderly, breastfeeding, diabetic, pregnant, or menstruating. The predawn meal is referred to as suhur, and the nightly feast that breaks the fast is called iftar. Although rulings (fatawa) have been issued declaring that Muslims who live in regions with a midnight sun or polar night should follow the timetable of Mecca, it is common practice to follow the timetable of the closest country in which night can be distinguished from day.

The spiritual rewards (thawab) of fasting are believed to be multiplied during Ramadan. Accordingly, during the hours of fasting, Muslims refrain not only from food and drink, but also tobacco products, sexual relations, and sinful behavior, devoting themselves instead to prayer and study of the Quran.

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