Memorial Day Offer

Discover your mystery discount!

Race and health

Racial Health Disparities: – Racial and ethnic minorities in the US experience higher rates of chronic diseases, premature death, and maternal mortality compared to whites. […]

« Back to Glossary Index

Racial Health Disparities:
– Racial and ethnic minorities in the US experience higher rates of chronic diseases, premature death, and maternal mortality compared to whites.
– Some minority groups, like Hispanic immigrants, may have better health outcomes initially but see a decline over time in the US.
– Black Americans have a higher risk of death from COVID-19 compared to white Americans.
– Racial/ethnic minorities in the US are 1.5 to 2.0 times more likely to have major chronic diseases like diabetes, cancer, CVD, and chronic lung disease.

Race and Health Research:
– Health disparities are rooted in social disadvantages associated with race, like implicit stereotyping and differences in socioeconomic status.
– Differences in health status, outcomes, life expectancy, and other health indicators are well-documented across racial and ethnic groups.
– Scientists categorize people based on factors like phenotype, ancestry, genetic makeup, and lived experience.
– Racial groups are unequally affected by diseases in terms of morbidity and mortality.

Social Determinants of Health:
– Health disparities are preventable differences in disease burden, health outcomes, or access to optimal health.
– Disparities are related to unequal distribution of social, political, economic, and environmental resources.
– Racism influences health disparities by impacting environmental, physiological, and genetic factors.
– Implicit stereotyping and differences in socioeconomic status contribute to racial health disparities.

Public Health Interventions:
– Efforts to address racial health disparities focus on reducing preventable differences in disease burden and health outcomes.
– Interventions aim to improve access to healthcare, reduce implicit biases, and address social determinants of health.
– Public health initiatives target improving health equity and reducing disparities in health outcomes.
– Research and data analysis play a crucial role in identifying disparities and developing effective interventions.

Genetic Factors and Disease:
– Genetic makeup can influence disease predispositions but may not align with racial categories.
– Autosomal recessive genetic disorders vary in frequency based on region and ancestry.
– Complex diseases are influenced by genetic, environmental, and social factors.
– Disease risk is not solely determined by genetics but also by social and environmental conditions.

Race and health (Wikipedia)

Race and health refers to how being identified with a specific race influences health. Race is a complex concept that has changed across chronological eras and depends on both self-identification and social recognition. In the study of race and health, scientists organize people in racial categories depending on different factors such as: phenotype, ancestry, social identity, genetic makeup and lived experience. "Race" and ethnicity often remain undifferentiated in health research.

Differences in health status, health outcomes, life expectancy, and many other indicators of health in different racial and ethnic groups are well documented. Epidemiological data indicate that racial groups are unequally affected by diseases, in terms or morbidity and mortality. Some individuals in certain racial groups receive less care, have less access to resources, and live shorter lives in general. Overall, racial health disparities appear to be rooted in social disadvantages associated with race such as implicit stereotyping and average differences in socioeconomic status.

Health disparities are defined as "preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations". According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, they are intrinsically related to the "historical and current unequal distribution of social, political, economic and environmental resources".

The relationship between race and health has been studied from multidisciplinary perspectives, with increasing focus on how racism influences health disparities, and how environmental and physiological factors respond to one another and to genetics.

« Back to Glossary Index
This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies.