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Qi – Wikipedia

1. Linguistic Aspects and Pronunciation: – Qi is a polysemous word with various meanings. – The word has different pronunciations in Chinese and Sino-Xenic languages. […]

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1. Linguistic Aspects and Pronunciation:
– Qi is a polysemous word with various meanings.
– The word has different pronunciations in Chinese and Sino-Xenic languages.
– Various reconstructions exist for the Middle and Old Chinese pronunciations of 氣.
– The etymology of qi is connected to similar words in other languages.
– Axel Schuessler provided a reconstruction of the Later Han Chinese pronunciation of 氣.

2. Characters and Meanings:
– Qi is represented by three logographs in East Asian languages.
– 气 is the simplified Chinese character for qi.
– The primary logograph for qi consisted of three wavy horizontal lines.
– Qi is a polysemous word with multiple meanings in Chinese.
– References to concepts analogous to qi are found in many Asian belief systems.

3. Role in Traditional Chinese Medicine:
– Huangdi Neijing established pathways for qi circulation.
– Traditional Chinese medicine uses herbology, acupuncture, and qigong to balance qi.
– Different types of qi in the body include Primordial Qi and Clean Air Qi.
– Medicines differentiate between cold, hot, warm, and cool qi.
– Illness symptoms are believed to be due to disrupted qi movement.

4. Cultivation and Control of Qi:
– Qi can be cultivated through Heavenly and Earthly sources.
– Defensive Qi defends the body against invasions.
– Nutritive Qi provides sustenance for the body.
– Different nomenclature for qi in the human body based on sources, roles, and locations.
– Medicines have cold, hot, warm, and cool qi to treat invasions.

5. Magic and Qi in East Asian Thought:
– Certain body parts are important in magic traditions related to qi.
– Qi is linked to magic in Taoist sects.
– Wind is considered the qi of the Earth.
– Cosmic yin and yang are the greatest forms of qi.
– The Guanzi essay Neiye discusses the cultivation of vapor and meditation.

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