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Prophets

1. Prophets in Jewish Tradition: – Jewish tradition includes 8 books in Neviim out of 24 in Tanakh. – Former Prophets consist of Joshua, Judges, […]

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1. Prophets in Jewish Tradition:
– Jewish tradition includes 8 books in Neviim out of 24 in Tanakh.
– Former Prophets consist of Joshua, Judges, and Books of Samuel and Kings.
– Latter Prophets include major prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel) and Twelve Minor Prophets.
– Book of Daniel is part of Ketuvim in Hebrew Bible canon.
– Haftarah readings are selections from Neviim read in Jewish liturgy.

2. Former Prophets:
– Joshua covers the Israelites’ history after Moses’ death.
– Judges has an introduction, main text, and appendices.
– Books of Samuel detail God’s rejection of Eli, Saul’s reign, and David’s reign.
– Books of Kings chronicle kings of Israel and Judah until Babylonian Empire rule.

3. Major Prophets:
– Major prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel.
– Isaiah’s prophecies include judgments, description of his call, prophecies of a Messiah, and future glory of Zion.
– Jeremiah’s prophecies cover themes of judgment, restoration, and hope, divided into sections focusing on different sins of Israel.
– Ezekiel’s book includes judgments on Israel, prophecies against neighboring nations, and focus on Messianic times.

4. Liturgical Practices:
– Cantillation of Neviim involves a special melody for haftarah distinct from the Torah portion.
– Extraliturgical public readings of Neviim are common in Near and Middle Eastern Jewish traditions, read yearly on a weekly rota in synagogue courtyards.
– Targum, an Aramaic translation of Hebrew Scriptures, includes Targum Jonathan to Neviim composed by Jonathan ben Uzziel, used in public readings and continued by Yemenite Jews in Babylonian vocalization.

5. Structure and Characteristics of Prophetic Texts:
– Jeremiah’s prophecies are noted for repetitions and cover a period of about 30 years.
– Ezekiel’s book is divided into sections focusing on different themes and periods.
– Modern scholars lack reliable theories on the editing of prophetic texts, which are not in chronological order.
– Main Messianic prophecies are found in specific chapters of the prophetic texts.

Prophets (Wikipedia)

In religion, a prophet or prophetess is an individual who is regarded as being in contact with a divine being and is said to speak on behalf of that being, serving as an intermediary with humanity by delivering messages or teachings from the supernatural source to other people. The message that the prophet conveys is called a prophecy.

Isaiah, an important Biblical prophet, in fresco on the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo

Prophethood has existed in many cultures and religions throughout history, including Mesopotamian religion, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Manichaeism, Islam, the Baháʼí Faith, and Thelema.

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