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Outline of neuroscience

Branches of neuroscience: – Neurophysiology: – Study of nervous system function – Brain mapping – Electrophysiology – Extracellular recording – Intracellular recording – Neuroanatomy: – […]

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Branches of neuroscience:
– Neurophysiology:
– Study of nervous system function
– Brain mapping
– Electrophysiology
– Extracellular recording
– Intracellular recording

– Neuroanatomy:
– Study of nervous tissue anatomy
– Immunostaining

– Neuropharmacology:
– Study of drug effects on nervous system
– Drug types: psychoactive, anaesthetic, narcotic

– Behavioral neuroscience:
– Application of biology to study behavior
– Neuroethology

– Developmental neuroscience:
– Describes cellular basis of brain development
– Draws from neuroscience and developmental biology
– Addresses aging and memory

Cognitive neuroscience:
– Study of biological substrates underlying cognition
– Focus on neural substrates of mental processes
– Includes neurolinguistics and neuroimaging
– Techniques: functional MRI, positron emission tomography

Systems neuroscience:
– Studies neural circuits and systems
– Umbrella term for nerve cell behavior in networks
– Involves neural circuits, networks, and oscillations

Molecular neuroscience:
– Examines nervous system biology with molecular biology
– Includes molecular genetics and protein chemistry
– Branches: nutritional neuroscience and neurochemistry

Computational neuroscience:
– Study of nervous system information processing
– Uses digital computers to study the nervous system
– Interdisciplinary field linking neuroscience, cognitive science, engineering, and math
– Involves neural networks, neuroinformatics, and brain-computer interfaces

Neurophilosophy:
– Interdisciplinary study of neuroscience and philosophy
– Two approaches: solving mind problems with neuroscience and clarifying results with philosophy
– Topics: philosophy of mind, neuroethics, neuroscience of free will

Neurology:
– Medical specialty for nervous system disorders
– Diagnoses and treats diseases involving central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems
– Includes neuropsychology for brain structure and function related to psychology

Outline of neuroscience (Wikipedia)

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to neuroscience:

Neuroscience is the scientific study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It encompasses the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy, biochemistry, molecular biology, and physiology of neurons and neural circuits. It also encompasses cognition, and human behavior. Neuroscience has multiple concepts that each relate to learning abilities and memory functions. Additionally, the brain is able to transmit signals that cause conscious/unconscious behaviors that are responses verbal or non-verbal. This allows people to communicate with one another.

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