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Orientation (mental)

Assessment: – Evaluation of mental orientation assesses the need for diagnosis and treatment of conditions causing Altered Mental Status (AMS). – Basic prompts and tests […]

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Assessment:
– Evaluation of mental orientation assesses the need for diagnosis and treatment of conditions causing Altered Mental Status (AMS).
– Basic prompts and tests are used to determine a person’s level of orientation.
– Assessments focus on the person’s ability to perform basic life functions within EMS.
– Tests also evaluate amnesia, awareness of surroundings, concept of time and place, and response to stimuli.
– Various brain areas are believed to be responsible for situational orientation.

Causes of mental disorientation:
– Disorientation can result from physiological or mental factors.
– Physiological causes may stem from conditions impairing nutrient delivery.
– Chemical imbalances, brain structure deterioration, or psychiatric states can lead to disorientation.
– Shock, including physiological and mental shock, can impact mental orientation.
– Specific brain areas are linked to situational orientation.

See also:
– Mental confusion, mental status examination, delirium, and Altered mental status are related terms.

References:
– Berrios G E (1982) discusses Disorientation States in Psychiatry.
– Kipps, C. M.; Hodges, J. R. (2005) present cognitive assessment for clinicians.
– E Warren, Roderick; M Frier, Brian (2005) explore hypoglycemia and cognitive function.
– Healthdirect Australia provides information on Disorientation.
– ScienceDirect Topics offer an overview of Disorientation and its implications.

Orientation (mental) (Wikipedia)

Orientation is a function of the mind involving awareness of three dimensions: time, place and person. Problems with orientation lead to disorientation, and can be due to various conditions. It ranges from an inability to coherently understand person, place, time, and situation, to complete orientation.

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