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Oral and maxillofacial pathology

Diagnosis and Biopsy in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: – Thorough history and clinical investigation are essential for diagnosis. – Differential diagnosis guides further investigations. – […]

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Diagnosis and Biopsy in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology:
– Thorough history and clinical investigation are essential for diagnosis.
– Differential diagnosis guides further investigations.
– Various tests like imaging and histopathology aid in accurate diagnosis.
– Common investigations include screening tests, radiographs, CBCT, CT, MRI, and ultrasound.
– Biopsy types include excisional, incisional, and exfoliative cytology.
– Biopsy is necessary when clinical presentation or imaging studies are inconclusive.

Diseases and Disorders in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology:
– Various diseases affect tissues of the head, mouth, jaws, and orofacial skin.
– Common pathologies include cleft lip and palate, macroglossia, ankyloglossia, Stafne defect, torus palatinus, and torus mandibularis.
– Treatment aims to enhance social acceptance and quality of life.
– Disorders range from congenital conditions like cleft lip and palate to acquired conditions like plaque-induced gingivitis and scarlet fever.

Specific Disorders and Conditions in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology:
– Includes disorders like burning mouth syndrome, Eagle syndrome, and oral candidiasis.
– Viral infections like herpes simplex virus, mumps, and traumatic oral ulceration are common.
– Neoplastic conditions such as oral cancer, predominantly squamous cell carcinoma, are significant.
– Environmental factors and unknown pathologies like Sjögren syndrome are also addressed.

Occupation and Specialty in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology:
– Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists are specialized professionals in dentistry and medicine.
– Education requirements include a dental degree followed by specialist training.
– Scope involves the study of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions.
– Geographic variations in the number of practicing oral pathologists are observed in different regions like the UK and New Zealand.

Research and Studies in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology:
– Studies on viral infections associated with oral involvement in cancer patients.
– Epidemiological research on primary Sjögren’s syndrome and oral cancer risk post hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation.
– Evaluation of specific conditions like migratory stomatitis and oral mucosal diseases.
– References to textbooks and journals providing valuable information on oral and maxillofacial pathology.

Oral and maxillofacial pathology (Wikipedia)

Oral and maxillofacial pathology refers to the diseases of the mouth ("oral cavity" or "stoma"), jaws ("maxillae" or "gnath") and related structures such as salivary glands, temporomandibular joints, facial muscles and perioral skin (the skin around the mouth). The mouth is an important organ with many different functions. It is also prone to a variety of medical and dental disorders.

Oral and maxillofacial pathology
Other namesOral pathology, stomatognathic disease, dental disease, mouth disease
SpecialtyDentistry

The specialty oral and maxillofacial pathology is concerned with diagnosis and study of the causes and effects of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial region. It is sometimes considered to be a specialty of dentistry and pathology. Sometimes the term head and neck pathology is used instead, which may indicate that the pathologist deals with otorhinolaryngologic disorders (i.e. ear, nose and throat) in addition to maxillofacial disorders. In this role there is some overlap between the expertise of head and neck pathologists and that of endocrine pathologists.

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