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Group 1: Genealogy and Parentage – Nyx is the offspring of Chaos and Erebus. – Nyx is the mother of Aether and Hemera. – Nyx’s […]

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Group 1: Genealogy and Parentage
– Nyx is the offspring of Chaos and Erebus.
– Nyx is the mother of Aether and Hemera.
– Nyx’s children include Moros, Ker, Thanatos, Hypnos, and the Oneiroi.
– Nyx is linked to Tartarus, Eros, Metis, and Hemera in various genealogies.
– Nyx is mentioned as the mother of the Erinyes, Lyssa, and Uranus in different accounts.
– Roman equivalent Nox’s genealogy includes Erebus, Aether, Dies, and various abstract concepts like Love and Death.
– Roman sources depict Nox as the mother of the Furies and associate her with Pluto.

Group 2: Depictions in Art
– Nyx often appears in ancient Greek art alongside celestial deities like Selene and Helios.
– Nyx is portrayed as a winged figure driving a chariot pulled by horses in art.
– Nyx’s Roman equivalent, Nox, is also depicted in art.
– Nyx is described as a black-robed goddess driving through the sky in artistic representations.
– Nox’s chariot is depicted with Stars and Sleep following in Roman art.

Group 3: Literary Sources
– Homer’s Iliad tells a story where Nyx protects Hypnos from Zeus’ anger.
– In Hesiod’s Theogony, Nyx is an early being, offspring of Chaos and Erebus.
– Orphic literature associates Nyx with Uranus, Gaia, Phanes, and Eros in various accounts.
– Virgil’s ‘Aeneid’ portrays Nox living in the underworld, driving a chariot.
– Tibullus described Nox’s chariot pulled by four horses, with Stars and Sleep following.

Group 4: Orphic Influence
– Aristophanes’ ‘The Birds’ and Euripides’ ‘Hypsipyle’ hint at an Orphic theogony.
– Night, Chaos, Erebus, and Tartarus are early figures in the Orphic theogony.
– Modern scholars like Luc Brisson and Alberto Bernabées see Night as a key deity in Orphic theogonies.
– The Eudemian Theogony, linked to Eudemus of Rhodes, starts with Night.
– Damascius references Eudemus’ Orphic theogony, highlighting Night’s significance.

Group 5: Night’s Role in Mythology
– Night nurtures and shelters the young Zeus.
– Zeus consults Night on consolidating his rule after overthrowing Cronus.
– Night delivers prophecies to Zeus in various mythological accounts.
– Night’s prophecy to Zeus in the Derveni Theogony is compared to Gaia’s role in Hesiod’s Theogony.
– Night’s presence and guidance to Zeus in various texts, including the Rhapsodies, are noteworthy.

Nyx (Wikipedia)

In Greek mythology, Nyx (/nɪks/ NIX; Ancient Greek: Νύξ Nýx, [nýks], "Night") is the goddess and personification of the night. In Hesiod's Theogony, she is the offspring of Chaos, and the mother of Aether and Hemera (Day) by Erebus (Darkness). By herself, she produces a brood of children which are personifications of primarily negative forces. She features in a number of early cosmogonies, which place her as one of the first deities to exist. In the works of poets and playwrights, she lives at the ends of the Earth, and is often described as a black-robed goddess who drives through the sky in a chariot pulled by horses. In the Iliad, Homer relates that even Zeus fears to displease her.

Personification of Night
Nyx is shown driving to the left in a chariot pulled by two horses. To the right of her is Helios, who ascends into the sky in his quadriga at the start of the new day. Attic terracotta lekythos, attributed to the Sappho Painter, c. 500 BC.
Personal information
ChildrenAether, Hemera, Moros, Apate, Dolos, Nemesis, the Keres, the Moirai, the Hesperides, the Erinyes, Oizys, Momus, Oneiros, Hypnos, Thanatos, Philotes, Geras, Eris
Roman equivalentNox

Night is a prominent figure in several theogonies of Orphic literature, in which she is often described as the mother of Uranus and Gaia. In the earliest Orphic cosmogonies, she is the first deity to exist, while in the later Orphic Rhapsodies, she is the daughter and consort of Phanes, and the second ruler of the gods. She delivers prophecies to Zeus from an adyton, and is described as the nurse of the gods. In the Rhapsodies, there may have been three separate figures named Night.

In ancient Greek art, Nyx often appears alongside other celestial deities such as Selene, Helios and Eos, as a winged figure driving a horse-pulled chariot. Though of little cultic importance, she was also associated with several oracles. The name of her Roman equivalent is Nox.

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