Memorial Day Offer

Discover your mystery discount!

Neurointensive care

History and Scope of Neurointensive Care: – Trepanned skulls in ancient Egypt and early brain swelling treatments in ancient Greece. – Development of intensive care […]

« Back to Glossary Index

History and Scope of Neurointensive Care:
– Trepanned skulls in ancient Egypt and early brain swelling treatments in ancient Greece.
– Development of intensive care for polio patients in the mid-twentieth century.
– Creation of the first neurological intensive care unit in 1929.
– Neurointensive care focuses on treating strokes, aneurysms, trauma, seizures, infections, tumors, and muscle weakness.
– Emphasis on early and aggressive medical interventions, including therapeutic hypothermia for improved outcomes.

Neurointensive Care Centers and Admission Criteria:
– Specialized units in tertiary care centers for critically ill neurological patients.
– Admission criteria include impaired consciousness, mechanical ventilation needs, seizures, and elevated intracranial pressure.
– Increasing use due to benefits of therapeutic hypothermia.
– Goal is to provide aggressive medical interventions and prevent secondary brain injury.
– Focus on managing pain, airways, ventilation, and cardiovascular stability.

Neurointensive Care Team and Nursing Interventions:
– Collaborative effort involving neurointensivists, neurosurgeons, neurologists, and other medical professionals.
– Multidisciplinary team includes radiologists, pharmacists, critical care nurses, respiratory therapists, and social workers.
– Nursing interventions focus on maintaining intracranial compliance, preventing elevated ICP, and assisting with personal hygiene.
– Strategies to prevent high ICP include sedation, optimized positioning, and prioritizing interventions.

Neurointensive Care Procedures and Complications Monitoring:
– Hypothermia for improved outcomes in coronary artery disease patients.
– Basic life support monitoring and neurological monitoring techniques.
– ICP management procedures and treatment options like hypertonic serum and hypothermia.
– Complications monitoring involves hemodynamic stability, EEG monitoring, and treatment for conditions like meningitis and encephalitis.

Treatment for Specific Conditions and Additional Resources:
– Specific treatments for conditions like encephalitis, ADEM, AHL, respiratory failure, and spinal cord injuries.
– Airway protection, seizure treatment, sedation, and corticosteroids administration.
– Resources include organizations like the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Neurocritical Care Society, and developmental neurorehabilitation resources.

Neurointensive care (Wikipedia)

Neurocritical care (or neurointensive care) is a medical field that treats life-threatening diseases of the nervous system and identifies, prevents, and treats secondary brain injury.

Neurocritical care
An intensive care unit in a hospital
SystemNervous system
Significant diseasesstroke, seizure, epilepsy, aneurysms, Traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, status epilepticus, Cerebral edema, encephalitis, meningitis, brain tumor, respiratory failure secondary to neuromuscular disease.
Significant testsComputed axial tomography, MRI scan, Lumbar puncture
Specialistneurointensivists, neurosurgeons
« Back to Glossary Index
This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies.