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Neuroinformatics Overview: – Neuroinformatics combines informatics and neuroscience. – It involves developing computational models of the nervous system. – Tools for analyzing and modeling neuroscience […]

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Neuroinformatics Overview:
– Neuroinformatics combines informatics and neuroscience.
– It involves developing computational models of the nervous system.
– Tools for analyzing and modeling neuroscience data are created.
– Tools and databases for managing and sharing neuroscience data are developed.
– Neuroinformatics encompasses various disciplines like philosophy and psychology.

Models of Neural Computation:
– Models of neural computation aim to elucidate core principles of information processing.
– They compare different models based on how closely they reproduce real-world behaviors.
– Computational neuroethology includes the environment in models.
– Clearly formulated models guide scientists in designing experiments.
– Related fields include cognitive science, computational neuroscience, and brain science.

Neurocomputing Technologies:
– Neurocomputing technologies involve bio-inspired computing.
– Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are computing systems inspired by biological neural networks.
– ANNs consist of connected units called artificial neurons.
– Neurons process signals and transmit them to connected neurons.
– Neurons are aggregated into layers that perform different transformations on inputs.

Brain Emulation and Mind Uploading:
– Brain emulation creates computational models of brains.
– The Blue Brain project simulated a rat’s neocortical column.
– Mind uploading involves scanning the brain to create a digital emulation.
– Research is conducted in animal brain mapping, brain-computer interfaces, and connectomics.
– Tools and ideas for mind uploading are under active development.

Brain-Computer Interface:
– Research on brain-computer interface started in the 1970s.
– Brain-computer interfaces classify mental and emotional states.
– Studies use EEG brainwave data for high success rates.
– Human-computer interaction is enhanced through machine learning.
– Brain-computer interfaces have applications in thalamocortical dysrhythmia.

Neuroinformatics (Wikipedia)

Neuroinformatics is the emergent field that combines informatics and neuroscience. Neuroinformatics is related with neuroscience data and information processing by artificial neural networks. There are three main directions where neuroinformatics has to be applied:

  • the development of computational models of the nervous system and neural processes;
  • the development of tools for analyzing and modeling neuroscience data; and
  • the development of tools and databases for management and sharing of neuroscience data at all levels of analysis.

Neuroinformatics encompasses philosophy (computational theory of mind), psychology (information processing theory), computer science (natural computing, bio-inspired computing), among others disciplines. Neuroinformatics doesn't deal with matter or energy, so it can be seen as a branch of neurobiology that studies various aspects of nervous systems. The term neuroinformatics seems to be used synonymously with cognitive informatics, described by Journal of Biomedical Informatics as interdisciplinary domain that focuses on human information processing, mechanisms and processes within the context of computing and computing applications. According to German National Library, neuroinformatics is synonymous with neurocomputing. At Proceedings of the 10th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics and Cognitive Computing was introduced the following description: Cognitive Informatics (CI) as a transdisciplinary enquiry of computer science, information sciences, cognitive science, and intelligence science. CI investigates into the internal information processing mechanisms and processes of the brain and natural intelligence, as well as their engineering applications in cognitive computing. According to INCF, neuroinformatics is a research field devoted to the development of neuroscience data and knowledge bases together with computational models.

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