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Neuroepistemology

Assumptive Framework: – Menachem Mazabow emphasizes revealing fundamental assumptions in neuro-epistemological inquiry. – Importance of self-reflexive connection between meaning and behavior. – Influence of socio-politico-historical […]

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Assumptive Framework:
– Menachem Mazabow emphasizes revealing fundamental assumptions in neuro-epistemological inquiry.
– Importance of self-reflexive connection between meaning and behavior.
– Influence of socio-politico-historical contexts on individual assumptions.
– Power relations in dominant discourses shaping modes of thought.
– Context-dependent and subjective nature of concepts compared to objective validity.

Application:
– Brown notes tacit bias in observations rooted in assumptions on the nature of mind.
– Theory does not solely arise from data, according to Hanlan and Brown.
– Preconceived ideas are deemed inevitable in neuroscience research by Crick.
– Preconceptions about the central nervous system can hinder research, per Stein, Brailowsky, and Will.

References:
– Yuri Zambrano’s “Neuroepistemology: What the Neurons Knowledge Tries to Tell Us.”
– Patricia Smith Churchland’s “Brain-Wise: Studies in Neurophilosophy.”
– Georg Northoff’s “Philosophy of the Brain: The Brain Problem.”
– Menachem Mazabow, Alban Burke, and Anita Stuart’s “Neuro-epistemology: A Post-modernist Analysis of the Neuro-sciences.”
– Various works by scholars like Brown, Hanlan, Crick, Churchland, Stein, Brailowsky, and Will.

Epistemology:
– Notable epistemologists include Thomas Aquinas, Augustine of Hippo, and William Alston.
– Other prominent figures in epistemology are Robert Audi, A. J. Ayer, and G. E. Moore.
– The list also includes philosophers like John McDowell, Robert Nozick, and Alvin Plantinga.
– Historical figures such as Plato, Duncan Pritchard, and James Pryor are significant in epistemology.
– Modern epistemologists like Hilary Putnam, W. V. O. Quine, and Thomas Reid contribute to the field.

Vienna Circle:
– The Vienna Circle is a group of philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians.
– Prominent members include Bertrand Russell, Gilbert Ryle, and Wilfrid Sellars.
– Other influential figures associated with the Vienna Circle are Susanna Siegel, Ernest Sosa, and P. F. Strawson.
– Baruch Spinoza, Timothy Williamson, and Ludwig Wittgenstein are also linked to the Vienna Circle.
– The list includes Nicholas Wolterstorff and other notable contributors to philosophical discussions.

Neuroepistemology (Wikipedia)

Neuroepistemology is an empirical approach to epistemology—the study of knowledge in a general, philosophical sense—which is informed by modern neuroscience, especially the study of the structure and operation of the brain involving neural networks and neuronal epistemology. Philosopher Patricia Churchland has written about the topic and, in her book Brain-Wise, characterised the problem as "how meat knows". Georg Northoff, in his Philosophy of the Brain, wrote that it "focuses on direct linkage between the brain on one hand and epistemic abilities and inabilities on the other."

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