Mental Health Awareness Offer

Discover your mystery discount!

Neurodevelopmental disorder

Neurodevelopmental Disorders Classification: – Intellectual disability (intellectual development disorder) – Communication disorders – Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) – Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – Neurodevelopmental motor disorders […]

« Back to Glossary Index

Neurodevelopmental Disorders Classification:
– Intellectual disability (intellectual development disorder)
– Communication disorders
– Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
– Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
– Neurodevelopmental motor disorders
– Specific learning disorders

Specific Neurodevelopmental Disorders:
– Intellectual disability (ID) affects mental abilities, learning, and adaptation.
– Communication disorders impact speech, language, and social interactions.
– Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects social skills, communication, and behavior.
– Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) involves inattention and hyperactivity.
– Neurodevelopmental motor disorders affect motor coordination and control.

Causes of Neurodevelopmental Disorders:
– Infectious diseases like HIV, measles, and Zika virus can cause issues.
– Metabolic disorders such as diabetes and phenylketonuria can lead to neurodevelopmental problems.
– Nutrition deficiencies like folic acid and iodine can impact neural development.
– Physical trauma, including brain injuries and premature birth, can result in developmental issues.
– Placenta’s role in fetal brain development is under research.

Diagnosis and Factors in Neurodevelopmental Disorders:
– Diagnosis involves evaluating symptoms and genetic testing.
– Genetic factors like Rett syndrome mutations and MECP2 deficiency contribute.
– Environmental factors such as prenatal infections and nutritional influences play a role.
– Autoimmune factors and medical conditions like diabetes also affect neurodevelopment.
– Risk factors include genetics, prenatal exposure, birth conditions, and environmental factors.

Treatment and Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders:
– Treatment may include behavioral therapy, speech therapy, and medication.
– Early intervention is crucial for better outcomes.
– Individualized education plans (IEPs) support students with neurodevelopmental disorders.
– Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is commonly used for skill development.
– Multidisciplinary assessments and interventions are essential for effective management.

Neurodevelopmental disorder (Wikipedia)

Neurodevelopmental disorders are a group of conditions that begin to emerge during childhood (or the development of the nervous system). According to the American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, (DSM-5) published in 2013, these conditions generally appear in early childhood, usually before children start school, and can persist into adulthood. The key characteristic of all these disorders is that they negatively impact a person's functioning in one or more domains of life (personal, social, academic, occupational) depending on the disorder and deficits it has caused. All of these disorders and their levels of impairment exist on a spectrum, and affected individuals can experience varying degrees of symptoms and deficits, despite having the same diagnosis.

Neurodevelopmental disorder
SpecialtyPsychiatry, neurology

The DSM-5 classifies neurodevelopmental disorders into six overarching groups.

  1. Intellectual disability (intellectual development disorder)
  2. Communication disorders
  3. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
  4. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  5. Neurodevelopmental motor disorders
  6. Specific learning disorders

These disorders are commonly comorbid conditions, meaning that a person affected by one of these disorders will usually meet criteria for a second disorder.

« Back to Glossary Index
This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies.