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Neurochemistry

Historical Development of Neurochemistry: – Neurochemistry recognized as a science since the 18th century – Initial belief in the separation of the brain from the […]

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Historical Development of Neurochemistry:
– Neurochemistry recognized as a science since the 18th century
– Initial belief in the separation of the brain from the peripheral nervous system
– Pioneers like Johann Ludwig Wilhelm Thudichum and Irvine Page contributed to brain chemistry
– Formal recognition of neurochemistry as a research discipline in the 1950s

Neurotransmitters and Neuropeptides:
– Oxytocin’s role in maternal behavior and sexual reproduction
– Glutamate as the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter
– GABA’s function as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
– Dopamine’s importance in regulating emotional functions
– Serotonin’s role in mood regulation, sleep, and other brain functions

Neurochemistry Fundamentals:
– Study of neurons, their chemical components, and functions
– Chemical signaling through neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, and hormones
– Imbalances in neurochemistry leading to neurological diseases
– Medications altering brain function to treat brain disorders
– Research areas covering neural plasticity, neural development, and brain changes during disease and aging

Neurochemistry in PTSD:
– Research on how PTSD alters the brain
– Influence of neurotransmitter level fluctuations on PTSD episodes
– Significance of dopamine and norepinephrine in PTSD
– Impact of different neurochemicals on various brain regions
– Medications like Prazosin for alleviating PTSD-related nightmares

Related Topics and Resources:
– International Society for Neurochemistry
– List of neurochemists
– Molecular neuroscience
– Neuroendocrinology
– Neurogenesis
– Various studies and publications related to neurochemistry and its applications, including textbooks, research articles, and tools for probing brain neurochemistry.

Neurochemistry (Wikipedia)

Neurochemistry is the study of chemicals, including neurotransmitters and other molecules such as psychopharmaceuticals and neuropeptides, that control and influence the physiology of the nervous system. This particular field within neuroscience examines how neurochemicals influence the operation of neurons, synapses, and neural networks. Neurochemists analyze the biochemistry and molecular biology of organic compounds in the nervous system, and their roles in such neural processes including cortical plasticity, neurogenesis, and neural differentiation.

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