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Mount Athos

Names and Geography: – In the classical era, Mount Athos was called Athos and the peninsula Acté or Akté. – In modern Greek, the mountain […]

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Names and Geography:
– In the classical era, Mount Athos was called Athos and the peninsula Acté or Akté.
– In modern Greek, the mountain is Oros Athos and the peninsula Hersonisos tou Atho.
– The designation Agio Oros, translating to Holy Mountain, is also used.
– Some languages of Orthodox tradition use names like Sveta Gora (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian) and mtatsminda (Georgian).
– In East Slavic languages, it is simply called Afon; in Romanian, it is Muntele Athos.
– Mount Athos is the easternmost leg of the Chalkidiki peninsula in central Macedonia.
– The peninsula protrudes 50km into the Aegean Sea and covers an area of 335.6km.
– Mount Athos has steep, densely forested slopes reaching up to 2,033m.
– The surrounding seas, especially at the end of the peninsula, can be dangerous.
– Mount Athos has an extensive network of footpaths and diverse flora and fauna.

Historical Significance:
– In Greek mythology, Athos is one of the Gigantes who challenged the Greek gods during the Gigantomachia.
– Homer mentions Mount Athos in the Iliad.
– Herodotus recounts fleet disasters near Mount Athos during the Persian invasion of Thrace.
– Strabo mentions ancient cities on the peninsula, including Dion and Akrothoon.
– The peninsula was on the invasion route of Xerxes I, who excavated the Xerxes Canal.
– According to Athonite tradition, the Virgin Mary blessed Mount Athos as her garden.
– The presence of monks on Mount Athos dates back to at least the ninth century AD.
– Monks have inhabited Mount Athos since the 3rd or 4th century.
– During Constantine I’s reign, Christians and followers of Greek religion lived on the mountain.
– Churches on Mount Athos were destroyed during Julian’s reign.
– Theodosius I destroyed temples of traditional Greek religion.

Cultural and Literary References:
– St. Gregory Palamas mentioned the tradition in his book ‘Life of Petros the Athonite’.
– Historical figures such as Homer, Herodotus, and Pliny the Elder referenced Mount Athos.
– ‘The Holy Mountain’ by Sotiris Kadas and ‘Mount Athos: Renewal in Paradise’ by Graham Speake are notable publications.
– ‘Mount Athos: Renewal in Paradise’ is a book about the mountain.
– Mount Athos is considered a sacred mountain like Okinoshima.
– Various authors have written about the cultural and geographical significance of Mount Athos.

Recognition and Conservation Efforts:
– Mount Athos is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
– National Geographic featured Mount Athos in December 2009.
– Footpaths of the Holy Mountain organization exists.
– UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre provides data on Mount Athos.
– Mount Athos is known for its important bird areas in Europe.

Media and Documentation:
– External links related to Mount Athos can be found on Encyclopædia Britannica.
– Little St. Annes is connected to Mount Athos.
– References to Mount Athos can be found in various historical texts.
– Mount Athos has been featured in different media outlets.
– Mount Athos has a rich history and cultural significance.

Mount Athos (Wikipedia)

Mount Athos (/ˈæθɒs/; Greek: Ἄθως [ˈa.θos]) is a mountain on the Athos peninsula in northeastern Greece. It is an important center of Eastern Orthodox monasticism. The mountain and most of the Athos peninsula are governed as an autonomous region in Greece by the monastic community of Mount Athos, which is ecclesiastically under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. The remainder of the peninsula forms part of the Aristotelis municipality. Women are prohibited from entering the area governed by the monastic community by Greek law and by religious tradition.

Mount Athos
Highest point
Elevation2,033 m (6,670 ft)
Prominence2,012 m (6,601 ft)
ListingUltra
Coordinates40°09′30″N 24°19′38″E / 40.15833°N 24.32722°E / 40.15833; 24.32722
Geography
Mount Athos is located in Greece
Mount Athos
Mount Athos
Location of Mount Athos in Greece.
LocationEurope
CountryGreece
RegionAgio Oros
TypeMixed
Criteriai, ii, iv, v, vi, vii
Designated1988 (12th session)
Reference no.454
RegionEurope

Mount Athos has been inhabited since ancient times and is known for its long Christian presence and historical monastic traditions, which date back to at least 800 AD during the Byzantine era. Because of its long history of religious importance, the well-preserved agrarian architecture within the monasteries, and the preservation of the flora and fauna around the mountain, the monastic community of Mount Athos was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.

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