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Micronutrient

Micronutrient Deficiencies and Impact: – 50% of American adults suffer from preventable diseases due to inadequate essential nutrient intake. – Micronutrient malnutrition costs developing economies […]

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Micronutrient Deficiencies and Impact:
– 50% of American adults suffer from preventable diseases due to inadequate essential nutrient intake.
– Micronutrient malnutrition costs developing economies at least 5% of GDP.
– Common deficiencies include iron, vitamin D, vitamin B12, zinc, and iodine.
– Micronutrient supplementation is recommended for at-risk populations and in treating deficiencies.
– Overdosing on micronutrients can be harmful.

Strategies to Combat Micronutrient Deficiencies:
– Salt iodization is a successful strategy to combat iodine deficiency.
– Universal Salt Iodization campaigns have reduced the number of countries with iodine deficiency disorders.
– Vitamin A supplementation efforts have shown progress in combating blindness and other health issues.
– Zinc fortification through staple foods and fertilizers can address zinc deficiencies.
– Fortifying staple foods with vitamin A can help reduce subclinical deficiencies.

Importance and Sources of Micronutrients:
– Micronutrients are essential for growth, development, immune function, metabolism, and overall health.
– Sources of micronutrients include fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, whole grains, dairy products, and fortified foods.
– Plants require minerals like boron, chloride, copper, iron, manganese, and molybdenum for growth and development.

Micronutrient Impact on Health:
– Micronutrients reduce the risk of chronic diseases, enhance cognitive function, improve skin health, support bone density, and aid in energy production.
– High sugar intake is linked to lower consumption of essential vitamins like A, C, and E, and magnesium.

Research and Progress in Micronutrient Intake:
– Efforts have targeted priority countries for vitamin A supplementation, with increased coverage over the years.
– Zinc plays a crucial role in bodily functions and enzyme activities, with fortification showing promise in improving serum zinc levels.
– Deficiencies in trace elements in plants can lead to reduced chlorophyll production and chlorosis, affecting growth and development.

Micronutrient (Wikipedia)

Micronutrients are essential dietary elements required by organisms in varying quantities to regulate physiological functions of cells and organs. Micronutrients support the health of organisms throughout life.

In varying amounts supplied through the diet, micronutrients include such compounds as vitamins and dietary minerals. For human nutrition, micronutrient requirements are in amounts generally less than 100 milligrams per day, whereas macronutrients are required in gram quantities daily. A multiple micronutrient powder of at least iron, zinc, and vitamin A was added to the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines in 2019. Deficiencies in micronutrient intake commonly result in malnutrition.

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