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Mary, mother of Jesus

1. Mary in Christian and Islamic Traditions: – In Christianity, Mary is commonly referred to as the Virgin Mary and venerated under various titles like […]

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1. Mary in Christian and Islamic Traditions:
– In Christianity, Mary is commonly referred to as the Virgin Mary and venerated under various titles like Blessed Virgin Mary and Mother of God.
– Different Christian denominations use varying titles for Mary, such as Theotokos and Panagia in the Orthodox Church, and Mater Dei and Deipara in the Catholic Church.
– In Islam, Mary is known as Maryam, mother of Isa, and honored with titles like Sayyidatuna and Siddiqah.
– Mary is described in the Quran as the daughter of Imran and the sister of Aaron, and is also called Qānitah and Tahira in Islam.

2. Mary’s Life and Events from Ancient Sources and New Testament:
– The Annunciation by Eustache Le Sueur is a famous example of Marian art.
– The Gospels and Acts of the Apostles are primary sources of historical information about Mary, with varying degrees of historical reliability.
– Mary is mentioned in the Gospel of Luke and Matthew, with specific details about her genealogy, annunciation, birth of Jesus, and presence during Jesus’ ministry.
– Different Gospels provide various insights into Mary’s lineage, interactions with Angel Gabriel, the birth of Jesus, and her involvement in Jesus’ ministry events.

3. Religious Perspectives and Catholic Beliefs and Practices:
– Christians have diverse views on Mary, with Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglicans, and Lutherans venerating her.
– Catholic teachings emphasize Mary’s titles, dogmas like Theotokos, and her Assumption into Heaven.
– Catholics perform acts of consecration and various devotional practices like the Rosary and Seven Sorrows of Mary.
– Mary is titled Blessed in Catholicism, venerated for her intercessory role, and honored for her perpetual virginity, Immaculate Conception, and Assumption into Heaven.

4. Mary’s Life, Death, and Marian Doctrines in Catholicism:
– Mary’s death is not recorded in scriptures, but traditions suggest her Dormition and Assumption into Heaven.
– Key Marian doctrines in Catholicism include the Immaculate Conception, Mary as Mother of God, and her perpetual virginity.
– Popes have issued encyclicals encouraging devotion to Mary, emphasizing her role in salvation and redemption.
– The Catholic Church places high importance on Mary’s role in the plan of salvation and redemption, with specific doctrines related to her immaculate conception and perpetual virginity.

5. Artistic and Cultural Depictions, Protestant Views, and Ecumenical Dialogues:
– Mary is depicted in various artistic forms like paintings, icons, and statues, with Marian devotions linked to Christocentric practices in Catholicism.
– Protestants acknowledge Mary as Jesus’ mother and blessed among women, but do not support veneration of Mary.
– Ecumenical dialogues have taken place between Catholics and Protestants, with some progress shown in understanding Mary’s role in Christianity.
– Common ground on Marian issues exists between Roman Catholics and Anglicans, with efforts towards establishing a joint understanding of Mary through documents like the Seattle Statement.

Mary, mother of Jesus (Wikipedia)

Mary was a first-century Jewish woman of Nazareth, the wife of Joseph and the mother of Jesus. She is a central figure of Christianity, venerated under various titles such as virgin or queen, many of them mentioned in the Litany of Loreto. The Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East, Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches believe that Mary, as mother of Jesus, is the Mother of God. Other Protestant views on Mary vary, with some holding her to have lesser status.

Slightly faded painting of a woman wearing a black veil, staring out of the portrait. Her hands are raised. The image is on a gold background.
The Madonna del Rosario (c. 6th century or earlier), perhaps the oldest icon of Mary, in Rome
Bornc. 18 BC
DiedAfter c. 33 AD
Parent(s)Joachim and Anne (according to some apocryphal writings)

She has the highest position in Islam among all women and is mentioned numerous times in the Quran, including in a chapter named after her.

The synoptic Gospels name Mary as the mother of Jesus. The gospels of Matthew and Luke describe Mary as a virgin who was chosen by God to conceive Jesus through the Holy Spirit. After giving birth to Jesus in Bethlehem, she raised him in the city of Nazareth in Galilee, and was in Jerusalem at his crucifixion and with the apostles after his ascension. Although her later life is not accounted in the BibleRoman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and some Protestant traditions believe that her body was raised into heaven at the end of her earthly life, which is known in Western Christianity as the Assumption of Mary and in Eastern Christianity as the Dormition of the Mother of God.

Mary has been venerated since early Christianity, and is often considered to be the holiest and greatest saint. There is a certain diversity in the Mariology and devotional practices of major Christian traditions. The Catholic Church holds distinctive Marian dogmas, namely her Immaculate Conception and her bodily Assumption into heaven. Many Protestants hold less exalted views of Mary's role, often based on a perceived lack of biblical support for many traditional Christian dogmas pertaining to her.

The multiple forms of Marian devotions include various prayers and hymns, the celebration of several Marian feast days in liturgy, the veneration of images and relics, the construction of churches dedicated to her and pilgrimages to Marian shrines. Many Marian apparitions and miracles attributed to her intercession have been reported by believers over the centuries. She has been a traditional subject in arts, notably in Byzantine art, medieval art and Renaissance art.

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