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Jesus

1. Jesus Christ Identity and Significance: – Jesus is commonly referred to as Jesus Christ by Christians. – Christ is a title derived from Greek […]

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1. Jesus Christ Identity and Significance:
– Jesus is commonly referred to as Jesus Christ by Christians.
– Christ is a title derived from Greek and Hebrew, meaning anointed and messiah.
– Various sources, including canonical gospels, depict Jesus as the central figure of Christianity.
– Different faiths have varying beliefs about Jesus, with Islam considering him a prophet and messiah.
– Jesus’ life and ministry involve teachings, miracles, and theological significance across faith traditions.

2. Authorship, Date, and Reliability of Sources:
– The canonical gospels, written by different authors, are primary sources about Jesus.
– Scholars suggest a literary relationship between Matthew, Mark, and Luke.
– The Gospels are considered ancient biographies, with differing views on historical accuracy.
– Other early Christian writings and sources provide additional insights into Jesus’ life and teachings.
– The Synoptic Gospels and the Gospel of John offer distinct perspectives on Jesus’ character and significance.

3. Genealogy, Nativity, and Early Life of Jesus:
– Jesus, born to Mary and Joseph, has genealogies traced through different lineages in Matthew and Luke.
– Jesus’ early life in Nazareth, family dynamics, and relatives like John the Baptist are detailed.
– The virgin birth of Jesus in Bethlehem and significant events surrounding his childhood are described.
– The Synoptic Gospels and the Gospel of John present unique narratives about Jesus’ early years and family background.
– Jesus’ Jewish heritage, upbringing, and profession as a religious leader are key aspects of his early life.

4. Events and Teachings in Jesus’ Life:
– Jesus’ baptism, temptations, public ministry, discipleship, teachings, and miracles are central to his life.
– Parables and divine revelations form a significant part of Jesus’ teachings, emphasizing ethical and spiritual principles.
– The importance of miracles in demonstrating Jesus’ divine authority and teachings is highlighted.
– Jesus’ proclamation as the Christ, transfiguration, passion week, and the Last Supper are pivotal events in his life.
– Trials, crucifixion, and entombment of Jesus depict the climax of his earthly ministry and sacrificial mission.

5. Theological Significance and Interpretations of Jesus:
– The theological significance of Jesus as the incarnation of the divine Word and the messiah is explored.
– Different faith traditions interpret Jesus’ teachings, character, and miracles in diverse ways.
– The Gospels portray Jesus as a divine figure, emphasizing his role as the Son of God and the fulfillment of prophecies.
– Jesus’ teachings on love, forgiveness, repentance, and the Kingdom of God are foundational to Christian beliefs.
– The life, death, and resurrection of Jesus hold theological significance across Christian denominations and belief systems.

Jesus (Wikipedia)

Jesus (c. 6 to 4 BC – AD 30 or 33), also referred to as Jesus Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, and many other names and titles, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity, the world's largest religion. Most Christians believe Jesus to be the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited messiah, the Christ that is prophesied in the Old Testament.

Jesus
Bornc. 6 to 4 BC
DiedAD 30 or 33 (aged 33 or 38)
Cause of deathCrucifixion
Known forCentral figure of Christianity
Major prophet in Islam and Druze Faith
Manifestation of God in Baháʼí Faith
Parents

Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus existed historically. Accounts of Jesus' life are contained in the Gospels, especially the four canonical Gospels in the New Testament. Academic research has yielded various views on the historical reliability of the Gospels and how closely they reflect the historical Jesus. Jesus was circumcised at eight days old, was baptized by John the Baptist as a young adult, and after 40 days and nights of fasting in the wilderness, began his own ministry. Being an itinerant teacher, he was often referred to as "rabbi". Jesus often debated with fellow Jews on how to best follow God, engaged in healings, taught in parables, and gathered followers, among whom twelve were his primary disciples. He was arrested in Jerusalem and tried by the Jewish authorities, turned over to the Roman government, and crucified on the order of Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect of Judea. After his death, his followers became convinced that he rose from the dead, and following his ascension, the community they formed eventually became the early Christian Church that expanded as a worldwide movement. Accounts of his teachings and life were initially conserved by oral transmission, which was the source of the written Gospels.

Christian theology includes the beliefs that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, was born of a virgin named Mary, performed miracles, founded the Christian Church, died by crucifixion as a sacrifice to achieve atonement for sin, rose from the dead, and ascended into Heaven, from where he will return. Commonly, Christians believe Jesus enables people to be reconciled to God. The Nicene Creed asserts that Jesus will judge the living and the dead, either before or after their bodily resurrection, an event tied to the Second Coming of Jesus in Christian eschatology. The great majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, the second of three prosopons of the Trinity. The birth of Jesus is celebrated annually, generally on 25 December, as Christmas. His crucifixion is honoured on Good Friday and his resurrection on Easter Sunday. The world's most widely used calendar era—in which the current year is AD 2024 (or 2024 CE)—is based on the approximate birthdate of Jesus.

Jesus is also revered in Islam, the Baháʼí Faith, and the Druze Faith. In Islam, Jesus (often referred to by his Quranic name ʿĪsā) is considered the penultimate prophet of God and the messiah, who will return before the Day of Judgement. Muslims believe Jesus was born of the virgin Mary but was neither God nor a son of God. Most Muslims do not believe that he was killed or crucified but that God raised him into Heaven while he was still alive. In contrast, Judaism rejects the belief that Jesus was the awaited messiah, arguing that he did not fulfill messianic prophecies, was not lawfully anointed and was neither divine nor resurrected.


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