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Jean-François Millet

Early Life and Education: – Jean-François Millet was born in Gruchy, Normandy, in a farming community. – He learned agricultural tasks as a child, which […]

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Early Life and Education:
– Jean-François Millet was born in Gruchy, Normandy, in a farming community.
– He learned agricultural tasks as a child, which later influenced his art.
– Received education in Latin and modern authors from village priests.
– Sent to study painting in Cherbourg at a young age.
– Moved to Paris in 1837 to pursue formal art education.

Career and Artistic Development:
– Faced rejections early in his career before gaining success at the Salon.
– Established connections with influential artists and supporters in Paris.
– Created iconic works like ‘The Gleaners’ and ‘The Angelus’ during his time in Barbizon.
– Transitioned to a more realistic and personal style in his paintings.
– Experienced both successes and failures at the Salon exhibitions.

Personal Life and Challenges:
– Married twice, first to Pauline-Virginie Ono and then to Catherine Lemaire.
– Faced challenges early in his career with rejections and financial struggles.
– Experienced financial struggles despite increasing success.
– Reused canvases during the Franco-Prussian War due to material shortages.
– Signed a contract to produce 25 paintings in exchange for a stipend.

Influence and Legacy:
– Millet influenced artists like Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Georges Seurat.
– Inspired literary works like Edwin Markham’s poem ‘The Man With the Hoe.’
– His legacy led to the development of the ‘droit de suite’ to support artists’ heirs.
– Main character in Mark Twain’s play ‘Is He Dead?’.
– Millet’s late landscapes influenced Monet’s paintings of Normandy.

Works and Recognition:
– Significant artworks include ‘The Angelus’, ‘The Gleaners’, and ‘Man with a Hoe’.
– Received official recognition for his work at the Salon in 1853.
– Continued to create notable pieces like ‘Hunting Birds at Night’ and ‘Shepherdess with her Flock’.
– Millet’s painting ‘L’homme à la houe’ inspired Edwin Markham’s poem ‘The Man With the Hoe’.
– His works are featured in various publications and online platforms like Wikimedia Commons and jeanmillet.org.

Jean-François Millet (Wikipedia)

Jean-François Millet (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ fʁɑ̃swa milɛ]; 4 October 1814 – 20 January 1875) was a French artist and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. Millet is noted for his paintings of peasant farmers and can be categorized as part of the Realism art movement. Toward the end of his career, he became increasingly interested in painting pure landscapes. He is known best for his oil paintings but is also noted for his pastels, Conté crayon drawings, and etchings.

Jean-François Millet
Portrait by Nadar, c. 1856-58
Born
Jean-François Millet

(1814-10-04)4 October 1814
Gruchy, Gréville-Hague, Normandy, France
Died20 January 1875(1875-01-20) (aged 60)
Known forPainting
MovementRealism
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