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Isaac

1. Biblical Narrative and Family Life: – Isaac’s birth fulfilled God’s promise to Abraham and Sarah. – Isaac was circumcised on the eighth day and […]

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1. Biblical Narrative and Family Life:
– Isaac’s birth fulfilled God’s promise to Abraham and Sarah.
– Isaac was circumcised on the eighth day and became Abraham’s sole heir.
– Isaac married Rebekah and had twin sons, Esau and Jacob.
– Isaac favored Esau, while Rebekah favored Jacob.
– Isaac moved to Beer-lahai-roi and later to Gerar due to famine.
– Jacob deceived Isaac to receive his blessing instead of Esau.
– Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for food.
– Isaac died at the age of 180 and was buried in the Cave of the Patriarchs.

2. Religious Views and Significance:
– Isaac was considered a prophet in Islam and the father of the Israelites.
– Isaac and Ishmael preached monotheism.
– Isaac’s willingness to follow God’s command is a model for martyrdom.
– Isaac is mentioned as a righteous man in the Quran.
– Isaac’s stories have inspired many artworks.
– Isaac is viewed as a pre-eminent sacrifice anticipating Christ’s sacrifice.
– Isaac is considered a saint in the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches.

3. Academic Perspectives and Scholarly Works:
– Some scholars view Isaac as a legendary figure.
– Isaac’s narratives reflect political realities.
– Isaac’s traditions date back to an older cultural stage.
– Scholarly works discuss Isaac’s portrayal in art and religious texts.
– Isaac’s figure was enhanced during the growth of the Pentateuch tradition.

4. Artistic Representations and Iconography:
– Isaac is a common subject in art.
– Artists have portrayed Isaac in various contexts.
– Artistic representations depict stories of Jacob and Isaac.
– The earliest Christian portrayal of Isaac is found in Roman catacomb frescoes.
– Isaac’s character is often depicted in religious art.

5. Quranic and New Testament References:
– Isaac is mentioned as a prophet and a righteous man in the Quran.
– Isaac was offered up by his father Abraham in the New Testament.
– Isaac blessed his sons in the New Testament.
– Paul contrasted Isaac with Ishmael, symbolizing liberty and slavery.
– Hagar is associated with the Sinai covenant, while Sarah is associated with the covenant of grace.

Isaac (Wikipedia)

Isaac is one of the three patriarchs of the Israelites and an important figure in the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Isaac first appears in the Book of Genesis, later adopted by the Hebrew tradition of the Torah, in which he is considered to be the son of Abraham and Sarah, the father of Jacob and Esau, and the grandfather of the twelve tribes of Israel.

Isaac
Isaac digging for the wells, imagined in a Bible illustration (c. 1900)
SpouseRebecca (also spelled Rebekah)
Children
  • Esau (older twin son)
  • Jacob (younger twin son)
Parents
Family

Isaac's name means "he will laugh", reflecting the laughter, in disbelief, of Abraham and Sarah, when told by God that they would have a child. He is the only patriarch whose name was not changed, and the only one who did not move out of Canaan. According to the narrative, he died aged 180, the longest-lived of the three patriarchs.


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