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Ignatius of Loyola

Early Life and Spiritual Journey: – Ignatius of Loyola was born in the castle at Loyola, in the Basque region of Spain. – His parents […]

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Early Life and Spiritual Journey:
– Ignatius of Loyola was born in the castle at Loyola, in the Basque region of Spain.
– His parents were involved in the Basque war of the bands, and he was the youngest of thirteen children.
– Baptized as Íñigo, he later adopted the name Ignatius after a spiritual conversion.
– Inspired by the lives of Christ and the saints during his recovery from a military injury.
– Undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, spent time in prayer, and formulated the fundamentals of his Spiritual Exercises.
– Experienced visions during his time in Manresa, which deeply influenced his teachings and practices.

Founding of the Jesuits and Jesuit Order:
– Ignatius, with six companions, founded the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1541.
– The Jesuits focused on missionary work, teaching, and added a vow of obedience to the Pope.
– Played a significant role in the Counter-Reformation and emphasized Ignatian spirituality.
– Ignatius wrote the Jesuit Constitutions in 1553, emphasizing self-denial and obedience.
– Jesuits engaged in rigorous education, missionary work, and social justice globally.

Canonization, Patronage, and Recognition:
– Beatified in 1609 and canonized as a saint in 1622.
– Celebrated on July 31st as his feast day and declared the patron saint of various regions and groups.
– Patron saint of spiritual retreats, Catholic soldiers, and the Society of Jesus.
– Legacy includes numerous institutions named after him and global practice of Ignatian spirituality.
– Recognized for his role in the Counter-Reformation and continued influence in spiritual teachings.

Works and Writings of Ignatius of Loyola:
– Authored the ‘Spiritual Exercises,’ a guide for spiritual development and discernment.
– Formulated the ‘Constitutions of the Society of Jesus,’ governing the Jesuits.
– Emphasized self-awareness, service to others, and loyalty to the Pope.
– Legacy includes numerous letters, documents, and the famous Jesuit motto ‘Ad maiorem Dei gloriam.’
– Contributions to Jesuit education system, missionary work, and promotion of Ignatian spirituality.

Death, Legacy, and Genealogy:
– Ignatius died in Rome in 1556 and was beatified and canonized as a saint.
– Legacy includes numerous institutions worldwide named after him, honoring his teachings.
– Honored in various films, churches, and celebrated in liturgical calendars.
– The Loyola shield symbolizes his family’s nobility and generosity, used by many Jesuit institutions.
– Recognized for his significant impact on education, spirituality, and social justice.

Ignatius of Loyola (Wikipedia)

Ignatius of Loyola SJ (/ɪɡˈnʃəs/ ig-NAY-shəss; Basque: Ignazio Loiolakoa; Spanish: Ignacio de Loyola; Latin: Ignatius de Loyola; born Íñigo López de Oñaz y Loyola; c. 23 October 1491 – 31 July 1556), venerated as Saint Ignatius of Loyola, was a Spanish Catholic priest and theologian, who, with six companions, founded the religious order of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), and became its first Superior General, in Paris in 1541.


Ignatius of Loyola

Ignatius of Loyola (c. 16th-century portrait)
Priest, founder
BornIñigo López de Oñaz y Loyola
(1491-10-23)23 October 1491
Azpeitia, Gipuzkoa, Crown of Castile
Died31 July 1556(1556-07-31) (aged 64)
Rome, Papal States
Venerated in
Beatified27 July 1609, Rome, Papal States, by Pope Paul V
Canonized12 March 1622, Rome, Papal States, by Pope Gregory XV
Feast31 July
Attributes
PatronageSociety of Jesus; soldiers; spiritual retreats; Biscay; Gipuzkoa; Ateneo De Manila University, the Archdiocese of Baltimore, Maryland, the Diocese of Antwerp, Belgium; Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Junín, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Rome, Italy; accidents and injuries.
Influences
Major worksSpiritual Exercises
Signature

Ignatius envisioned the purpose of the Society of Jesus to be missionary work and teaching. In addition to the vows of chastity, obedience and poverty of other religious orders in the church, Loyola instituted a fourth vow for Jesuits of obedience to the Pope, to engage in projects ordained by the pontiff. Jesuits were instrumental in leading the Counter-Reformation.

As a former soldier, Ignatius paid particular attention to the spiritual formation of his recruits and recorded his method in the Spiritual Exercises (1548). In time, the method has become known as Ignatian spirituality. He was beatified in 1609 and was canonized as a saint on 12 March 1622. His feast day is celebrated on 31 July. He is the patron saint of the Basque provinces of Gipuzkoa and Biscay as well as of the Society of Jesus. He was declared the patron saint of all spiritual retreats by Pope Pius XI in 1922.


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