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Hypnos

Description of Hypnos: – Hypnos is the fatherless son of Nyx or Erebus. – Twin brother to Thanatos, both residing in the underworld. – Hypnos […]

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Description of Hypnos:
– Hypnos is the fatherless son of Nyx or Erebus.
– Twin brother to Thanatos, both residing in the underworld.
– Hypnos lived in a cave where night and day meet, with a bed of ebony.
– The cave entrance had poppies and soporific plants.
– Known as a calm and gentle god who helps humans in need.

Family and Relationships of Hypnos:
– Hypnos lived alongside his twin, Thanatos, in the underworld.
– His mother was Nyx, the goddess of Night, possibly with Erebus as his father.
– Married to Pasithea, a Grace promised to him by Hera.

Mythological Stories Involving Hypnos:
– Hypnos tricked Zeus to help the Danaans win the Trojan War.
– Hera sought Hypnos’ help to put Zeus to sleep.
– Hypnos agreed after Hera promised him marriage to Pasithea.
– Hypnos successfully put Zeus to sleep, aiding in the war’s outcome.

Depictions of Hypnos in Art:
– Hypnos is depicted in various artworks, mainly on vases.
– Examples include the Ariadne Abandoned by Theseus vase.
– Only three known bronze statues of Hypnos exist.
– Hypnos’ image is found in the Roman world, including a marble head in Hadrian’s Villa.

Derivatives and Influences of Hypnos:
– The word ‘hypnosis’ is derived from Hypnos, relating to a sleep-like state.
– Medicines inducing sleep are called ‘hypnotics’ after Hypnos.

Hypnos (Wikipedia)

In Greek mythology, Hypnos (/ˈhɪpnɒs/; Ancient Greek: Ὕπνος, 'sleep'), also spelled Hypnus, is the personification of sleep; the Roman equivalent is known as Somnus. His name is the origin of the word hypnosis. Pausanias wrote that Hypnos was the dearest friend of the Muses.

Hypnos
Hypnos marble head (National Roman Museum, Rome)
AbodeUnderworld
SymbolPoppy, River Lethe, Cottonwood
Personal information
ParentsNyx alone
Nyx and Erebus
SiblingsThanatos (twin brother)
ConsortPasithea
Equivalents
Roman equivalentSomnus
Bronze statue of Hypnos (Museum of History & Archaeology, Almedinilla, Spain).
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