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Honoré Daumier

Biography and Career: – Honoré Daumier was born in Marseille in 1808 and moved to Paris in 1816. – He started working at a young […]

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Biography and Career:
– Honoré Daumier was born in Marseille in 1808 and moved to Paris in 1816.
– He started working at a young age and developed an interest in art while working at a bookstore.
– Daumier’s satirical works gained attention after the July Revolution of 1830.
– Despite legal issues, he continued producing lithographs that critiqued society.
– Daumier’s art offered social and political commentary on French society from 1830 to 1870.

Artistic Output and Influence:
– Daumier was a versatile artist known for painting, sculpture, and printmaking.
– He produced a significant number of sculptures, paintings, drawings, wood engravings, and lithographs.
– His work blurred the line between caricature and fine art, influencing impressionist and post-impressionist painters.
– Daumier’s use of lithography to critique political figures and society set him apart from traditional artists.
– His legacy paved the way for modern political cartoonists and challenged artistic norms.

Legacy and Recognition:
– Despite initial neglect, Daumier was admired by artists like Charles Baudelaire and later recognized as a great French artist.
– His work influenced impressionist and post-impressionist painters.
– Daumier’s satirical approach to art paved the way for modern political cartoonists.
– The boundary-breaking nature of his work challenged artistic norms and influenced future artists.
– Recognition of his work grew towards the end of his life.

Artistic Techniques and Subjects:
– Daumier was a pioneer of realistic subjects with a critical view of class distinctions.
– His art, a blend of Romanticism and Realism, was celebrated for its unique style.
– Known for human figure paintings rather than landscapes.
– His paintings were radical and often focused on the same subject repeatedly until satisfied.
– Daumier’s sculptures were produced in unbaked clay and posthumously in bronze.

Catalogues, References, and Artwork Highlights:
– The Daumier Register contains all known works by Daumier, constantly updated with new findings.
– Various books and academic resources exist on Daumier’s life and impact.
– Artwork highlights include lithographs like ‘Horse Meat is Healthy and Digestible’ and ‘The Witnesses – The War Council.’
– Digital catalogues like the Daumier Register offer detailed information on his works for enthusiasts and researchers.
– External links provide access to Daumier’s works in major art museums and comprehensive information on his life and work.

Honoré Daumier (Wikipedia)

Honoré-Victorin Daumier (French: [ɔnɔʁe domje]; February 26, 1808 – February 10, 1879) was a French painter, sculptor, and printmaker, whose many works offer commentary on the social and political life in France, from the Revolution of 1830 to the fall of the second Napoleonic Empire in 1870. He earned a living throughout most of his life producing caricatures and cartoons of political figures and satirizing the behavior of his countrymen in newspapers and periodicals, for which he became well known in his lifetime and is still known today. He was a republican democrat who attacked the bourgeoisie, the church, lawyers and the judiciary, politicians, and the monarchy. He was jailed for several months in 1832 after the publication of Gargantua, a particularly offensive and discourteous depiction of King Louis-Philippe.

Honoré Daumier
Daumier c. 1850
Born
Honoré Victorin Daumier

(1808-02-26)February 26, 1808
Marseille, France
DiedFebruary 10, 1879(1879-02-10) (aged 70)
Valmondois, France
Known forPainting, sculpture, and printmaking
MovementRealism

Although he occasionally exhibited his paintings at the Parisian Salons, his work was largely overlooked and ignored by the French public and most of the critics of the day. Daumier's work, which blurred the boundaries between caricature and fine art, was regarded as an unwelcome advance by the rigid salon system of 19th century France. Yet even in his own day, Daumier's fellow painters, as well as the poet and art critic, Charles Baudelaire, noticed and greatly admired his work.

Later generations would recognize Daumier as one of the great French artists of the 19th century, profoundly influencing a younger generation of impressionist and postimpressionist painters.

Daumier was a tireless and prolific artist who produced more than 100 sculptures, 500 paintings, 1,000 drawings, 1,000 wood engravings, and 4,000 lithographs.

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