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Epimenides

– Life – Epimenides fell asleep for 57 years in a Cretan cave sacred to Zeus – He purified Athens after pollution brought by the […]

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– Life
– Epimenides fell asleep for 57 years in a Cretan cave sacred to Zeus
– He purified Athens after pollution brought by the Alcmeonidae
– His expertise in sacrifices and funeral practices helped Solon reform Athens
– He accepted only a branch of the sacred olive as a reward
– Epimenides prophesied at Sparta on military matters

– Works
– Epimenides was attributed with several lost prose and poetic works
– Works included theogony, an epic poem on the Argonautic expedition, and more
– He wrote about purifications, sacrifices, laws of Crete, and Minos and Rhadymanthus
– Epimenides was considered one of the founders of Orphism
– He met Pythagoras in Crete, according to Diogenes Laërtius

– Cretica
– Epimenides’ work “Cretica” is quoted twice in the New Testament
– In “Cretica,” Minos addresses Zeus as immortal
– The poem highlights the belief that Zeus was immortal
– Epimenides’ line about Cretans being liars is referenced in various texts
– Clement of Alexandria counts Epimenides among the seven wisest philosophers

– Epimenides paradox
– Epimenides is associated with the Epimenides paradox, a variation of the liar paradox
– The paradox revolves around the statement “Cretans, always liars”
– Epimenides did not intend irony or paradox in his statement
– The paradox was not associated with him in the Middle Ages
– The epistle to Titus references the Cretians as always liars

– See also
– Epimenides is associated with the Epimenides paradox
– The paradox is a variation of the liar paradox
– Epimenides’ statement about Cretans being liars is central to the paradox
– The paradox was not associated with him in the Middle Ages
– The epistle to Titus references the Cretians as always liars

Epimenides (Wikipedia)

Epimenides of Knossos (or Epimenides of Crete) (/ɛpɪˈmɛnɪdz/; Greek: Ἐπιμενίδης) was a semi-mythical 7th or 6th century BC Greek seer and philosopher-poet, from Knossos or Phaistos.

Epimenides of Knossos
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