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Cultural neuroscience

Cultural Differences in Perception and Attention: – Studies show differences in human attention, visual perception, and self-understanding across cultures. – East Asians focus more on […]

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Cultural Differences in Perception and Attention:
– Studies show differences in human attention, visual perception, and self-understanding across cultures.
– East Asians focus more on backgrounds, while Westerners focus on individual objects.
– East Asians require more attention for processing objects compared to Americans.
– Westerners show greater neural activity during object processing tasks compared to Chinese.
– Americans focus broadly on entire faces, while Asians focus on specific facial features.
– East Asians include more details in photographs, while Americans have better memory for exact size.
– East Asians have better memory for contextual relationships.

Neurobiological Impact of Cultural Traits:
– Cultural traits shape genetic and neural processes.
– Neurobiological mechanisms facilitate the emergence and transmission of cultural traits.
– Bidirectional interactions between culture and biology are demonstrated in cultural neuroscience.
– Cultural neuroscience integrates theory and methods from cultural psychology, neuroscience, and neurogenetics.
– Brain structure can be influenced by skills through constant skill repetition.
– London taxi drivers have larger gray matter in hippocampi due to their skills.

Research Methods and Insights in Cultural Neuroscience:
– Cultural neuroscientists use neuroimaging methods to measure impacts on behavior.
– Researchers study cultural variation in mental, neural, and genomic processes.
– Methods articulate the bidirectional relationship between cultural traits and neurobiology.
– Research aims to explain mental phenomena as a product of neural and genetic events.
– Neuroimaging studies provide insight into cultural influences on human behavior.
– Findings from neuroimaging studies reflect behavioral patterns.

Global Implications and Applications of Cultural Neuroscience:
– Research in cultural neuroscience has implications for global public policy issues.
– Addresses population health disparities, bioethics, globalization, immigration, and international relations.
– Practical relevance in various fields such as transcultural psychiatry, business, and technology.
– Cultural neuroscience shares research goals with social neuroscientists and neuroanthropologists.
– Cultural neuroscience aligns with critical neuroscience in scrutinizing underlying assumptions in brain science research.

Additional Resources and Related Topics:
– References to further readings and books related to cultural neuroscience.
– Articles discussing the impact of culture on genetics and neurobiology.
– Reviews and studies on culture-gene interactions and their effects on brain function.
– Related topics like cross-cultural psychiatry, psychology, evolutionary anthropology, and neuroscience.

Cultural neuroscience (Wikipedia)

Cultural neuroscience is a field of research that focuses on the interrelation between a human's cultural environment and neurobiological systems. The field particularly incorporates ideas and perspectives from related domains like anthropology, psychology, and cognitive neuroscience to study sociocultural influences on human behaviors. Such impacts on behavior are often measured using various neuroimaging methods, through which cross-cultural variability in neural activity can be examined.

Cultural neuroscientists study cultural variation in mental, neural and genomic processes as a means of articulating the bidirectional relationship of these processes and their emergent properties using a variety of methods. Researchers in cultural neuroscience are motivated by two fundamentally intriguing, yet still unanswered, questions on the origins of human nature and human diversity: how do cultural traits (e.g., values, beliefs, practices) shape neurobiology (e.g., genetic and neural processes) and behavior, and how do neurobiological mechanisms (e.g., genetic and neural processes) facilitate the emergence and transmission of cultural traits?

The idea that complex behavior results from the dynamic interaction of genes and cultural environment is not new; however, cultural neuroscience represents a novel empirical approach to demonstrating bidirectional interactions between culture and biology by integrating theory and methods from cultural psychology, neuroscience and neurogenetics.

Similar to other interdisciplinary fields such as social neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, affective neuroscience, and neuroanthropology, cultural neuroscience aims to explain a given mental phenomenon in terms of a synergistic product of mental, neural and genetic events. In particular, cultural neuroscience shares common research goals with social neuroscientists examining how neurobiological mechanisms (e.g., mirror neurons), facilitate cultural transmission, (e.g., imitative learning) and neuroanthropologists examining how embedded culture, as captured by cross-species comparison and ethnography, is related to brain function. Cultural neuroscience also shares intellectual goals with critical neuroscience, a field of inquiry that scrutinizes the social, cultural, economic and political contexts and assumptions that underlie behavioral and brain science research as it is practiced today.

Research in cultural neuroscience has practical relevance to transcultural psychiatry, business and technology as well as broader implications for global public policy issues such as population health disparities, bioethics, globalization, immigration, interethnic ideology and international relations.

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