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Historical Development of Consciousness: – The terms conscious and consciousness date back to the 1600s. – Thomas Hobbes and John Locke contributed to defining consciousness […]

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Historical Development of Consciousness:
– The terms conscious and consciousness date back to the 1600s.
– Thomas Hobbes and John Locke contributed to defining consciousness in the 17th century.
– The etymology of consciousness traces back to Latin words con- (together) and scio (to know).
– Evolution of consciousness definitions from Aristotle to modern times.

Philosophical Exploration of Consciousness:
– Philosophers have delved into consciousness through topics like knowledge, intentionality, and phenomenal experience.
– Differentiating introspection and perception of the outer world.
– William James introduced the concept of stream of consciousness.
– Understanding phenomenal consciousness and introspection as independent aspects.

Scientific Research and Debates on Consciousness:
– Consciousness debated among philosophers, theologians, and scientists.
– Expansion of definitions to include cognition, experience, feeling, and perception.
– The search for neural correlates of consciousness by neuroscientists.
– Various descriptions and explanations of consciousness, including self-environment distinction.

Challenges in Defining Consciousness:
– Defining consciousness is challenging due to circularity and fuzziness.
– Equating consciousness with self-consciousness and inner consciousness complexities.
– Differentiating levels of consciousness in comatose patients.
– Treating conditions with impaired consciousness poses medical challenges.

Cognitive Processes and Consciousness:
– Daniel Kahneman’s differentiation between fast and slow mental processes.
– Association of consciousness with self-control, decision-making, and attention.
– The interaction of Kahneman’s two systems in controlling attention.
– Linking consciousness to selfhood, agency, and pragmatic issues like regret.

Note: Each group combines similar concepts and details related to the historical development, philosophical exploration, scientific research, challenges in defining, and cognitive processes associated with consciousness.

Consciousness (Wikipedia)

Consciousness, at its simplest, is awareness of internal and external existence. However, its nature has led to millennia of analyses, explanations and debate by philosophers, theologians, and all of science. Opinions differ about what exactly needs to be studied or even considered consciousness. In some explanations, it is synonymous with the mind, and at other times, an aspect of mind. In the past, it was one's "inner life", the world of introspection, of private thought, imagination and volition. Today, it often includes any kind of cognition, experience, feeling or perception. It may be awareness, awareness of awareness, or self-awareness either continuously changing or not. The disparate range of research, notions and speculations raises a curiosity about whether the right questions are being asked.

Representation of consciousness from the seventeenth century by Robert Fludd, an English Paracelsian physician

Examples of the range of descriptions, definitions or explanations are: ordered distinction between self and environment, simple wakefulness, one's sense of selfhood or soul explored by "looking within"; being a metaphorical "stream" of contents, or being a mental state, mental event, or mental process of the brain.

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