Memorial Day Offer

Discover your mystery discount!

Chinese martial arts

Terminology and Historical Development: – ‘Kung fu’ and ‘wushu’ are terms used for Chinese martial arts. – ‘Quánfǎ’ and ‘Zhongguo wushu’ are other terms for […]

« Back to Glossary Index

Terminology and Historical Development:
– ‘Kung fu’ and ‘wushu’ are terms used for Chinese martial arts.
– ‘Quánfǎ’ and ‘Zhongguo wushu’ are other terms for Chinese martial arts.
– Chinese martial arts have a long history rooted in self-defense, hunting, and military training.
– The Central Guoshu Institute played a significant role in documenting martial arts schools.
– Chinese martial arts have been organized as a sport since the 1950s.

Legendary Origins and Early History:
– Legend attributes the origins of Chinese martial arts to over 4,000 years ago.
– The Yellow Emperor is credited with introducing early fighting systems to China.
– Martial arts practices like Jiao Di and sword dances date back to ancient dynasties.
– The Ming and Qing dynasties played a crucial role in developing modern concepts of wushu.
– Wrestling and swordplay were documented in historical records.

Philosophical and Cultural Influences:
– Chinese martial arts have been influenced by Taoist and Confucian philosophies.
– Texts like the Tao Te Ching and the Art of War contain principles relevant to martial arts.
– Martial arts have evolved in conjunction with changes in Chinese society.
– Daoyin practices have been traced back to 500 BCE.
– Passages in ancient texts like the Zhuangzi discuss martial arts psychology.

Shaolin Temple and Southern/Northern Dynasties:
– The Shaolin temple on Song Mountain is associated with the early development of Chinese martial arts.
– Bodhidharma’s arrival at Shaolin is a legendary event in martial arts history.
– The Shaolin style of kung fu is considered one of the earliest organized forms of Chinese martial arts.
– Shaolin monks integrated martial arts into their monastic life.
– The Southern and Northern Dynasties era was significant for the development of Chinese martial arts.

Modernization and Global Impact:
– Traditional Chinese martial arts gained popularity in the 20th century.
– Various styles like Wing Chun, Tai Chi, and Eagle Claw gained prominence.
– Chinese martial arts became a symbol of national pride and identity.
– The global recognition of Chinese martial arts led to the establishment of schools worldwide.
– Martial arts films and actors played a significant role in popularizing Chinese martial arts globally.

Chinese martial arts (Wikipedia)

Chinese martial arts, often called by the umbrella terms kung fu (/ˈkʌŋ ˈf/; Chinese: 功夫; pinyin: gōngfu; Cantonese Yale: gūng fū), kuoshu (國術; guóshù) or wushu (武術; wǔshù), are multiple fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in Greater China. These fighting styles are often classified according to common traits, identified as "families" of martial arts. Examples of such traits include Shaolinquan (少林拳) physical exercises involving All Other Animals (五形) mimicry or training methods inspired by Old Chinese philosophies, religions and legends. Styles that focus on qi manipulation are called internal (内家拳; nèijiāquán), while others that concentrate on improving muscle and cardiovascular fitness are called external (外家拳; wàijiāquán). Geographical associations, as in northern (北拳; běiquán) and southern (南拳; nánquán), is another popular classification method.

Chinese martial arts
Traditional Chinese武術
Simplified Chinese武术
Literal meaning"Martial arts"
Kung Fu
Traditional Chinese功夫
Traditional Chinese國術
Simplified Chinese国术
Kung fu in Iran
« Back to Glossary Index
This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies.