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Child care

Cultural Influence on Childcare: – Childcare practices vary across cultures – Children in different cultures have varying levels of responsibility – Child development is influenced […]

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Cultural Influence on Childcare:
– Childcare practices vary across cultures
– Children in different cultures have varying levels of responsibility
– Child development is influenced by cultural norms
– Childcare should consider cultural differences
– Exposure to different cultures is important for children

Childcare Systems by Country:
– Australia: Large childcare industry, limited availability in certain areas, Child Care Subsidy scheme, regulated by ACECQA, qualifications required for childcare workers
– Canada: Private and subsidized daycare centers, government investment in child care services, workforce predominantly female
– Denmark: Day-cares accept children from 6 months to 3 years old, play-based day-cares, staffed by trained social educators
– France: Childcare providers require formal education, two branches of early childhood childcare, part of GDP spent on family policies, services available to full-time residents, vaccination requirements
– Germany: Preschool education provided by Kindertagesstätte, federal regulations for daycare, increasingly considered part of overall education
– India: Offers universal childcare services through ICDS, private childcare services available, follows WHO standards for child growth monitoring
– Japan: Licensed childcare overseen by Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare, universal childcare system with subsidies, fee schedules based on household incomes
– United States: Mix of public and private childcare services, lack of universal childcare system, high costs impact families, varying quality of childcare

Childcare Legislation and Quality in the US:
– Various legislation impacting childcare in the US
– Concerns about the quality of childcare institutions/programs
– Challenges in economic recovery post-COVID-19 due to childcare system
– Lack of quality in American healthcare centers
– Efforts to improve childcare quality in the US

Childcare Practices and Policies:
– Norway’s successful childcare policies
– Mexico’s Programa de Estancias Infantiles
– Spain’s childcare subsidies and regulations
– New Zealand’s innovative learning stories approach
– United Kingdom’s regulated childcare practices

Types of Childcare Providers:
– Childcare provided at home by nannies, au pairs, or family
– Family child care providers offer personalized care in their own homes
– Center-based childcare with standardized care in commercial centers
– Finding nannies through agencies or online
– Licensing and accreditation for childcare facilities and caregivers

Child care (Wikipedia)

Childcare, otherwise known as day care, is the care and supervision of a child or multiple children at a time, whose ages range from two weeks of age to 18 years. Although most parents spend a significant amount of time caring for their child(ren), childcare typically refers to the care provided by caregivers that are not the child's parents. Childcare is a broad topic that covers a wide spectrum of professionals, institutions, contexts, activities, and social and cultural conventions. Early childcare is an important and often overlooked component of child development.

A daycare in Nigeria

Care can be provided to children by a variety of individuals and groups. This caregiving role may also be taken on by the child's extended family. Another form of childcare is that of center-based childcare. In lieu of familial caregiving, these responsibilities may be given to paid caretakers, orphanages or foster homes to provide care, housing, and schooling.

Professional caregivers work within the context of a center-based care (including crèches, daycare, preschools and schools) or a home-based care (nannies or family daycare). The majority of child care institutions available require child care providers to have extensive training in first aid and be CPR certified. In addition, background checks, drug testing at all centers, and reference verifications are normally a requirement. Child care can consist of advanced learning environments that include early childhood education or elementary education. The objective of the program of daily activities at a child care facility should be to foster age appropriate learning and social development. In many cases the appropriate child care provider is a teacher or person with educational background in child development, which requires a more focused training aside from the common core skills typical of a child caregiver.

As well as these licensed options, parents may also choose to find their own caregiver or arrange childcare exchanges/swaps with another family.

Access to and quality of childcare have a variety of implications for children, parents and guardians, and families. Child care can have long-term impacts on educational attainment for children. Parents, particularly women and mothers, see increased labor force attachment when child care is more accessible and affordable. In particular, increased affordable child care opportunities have economic benefits for immigrant communities and communities of color.

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