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History and Leadership: – Chabad movement founded in 1775 in Liozno, Russian Empire by Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi. – Leadership transitions include moving the […]

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History and Leadership:
– Chabad movement founded in 1775 in Liozno, Russian Empire by Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi.
– Leadership transitions include moving the center to various locations like Lyubavichi, Rostov-on-Don, Warsaw, and finally Brooklyn.
– Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson expanded Chabad globally but the movement has no appointed central leader after his death.
– Rabbi Berel Lazar maintains relations with Russian President Putin.

Membership and Influence:
– Estimated 90,000–95,000 adherents globally with up to one million Jews attending Chabad services annually.
– Chabad accounts for 13% of the global Hasidic population.
– Chabad has a significant presence in the United States, with 16% of American Jews participating in Chabad activities.
– Chabad led the post-World War II Jewish outreach movement and continues to influence non-Hasidic Jewish outreach practices.

Beliefs, Philosophy, and Teachings:
– Chabad acronym represents Wisdom, Understanding, Knowledge.
– Chabad-Lubavitch branch is the main surviving line with a focus on God, the soul, and Jewish commandments.
– The Tanya by Rabbi Shneur Zalman is a key text in Chabad philosophy, emphasizing bringing heaven down to earth.
– Chabad’s teachings are rooted in classical Judaic writings and Jewish mysticism, with a unique emphasis on intellect over emotion.

Community and Population:
– Chabad communities exist globally, with diverse supporters and affiliates, including Sephardic adherents.
– Estimates suggest around 90,000–95,000 individuals within the Chabad community, making it the second-largest Hasidic community worldwide.
– Chabad directories were used for the global estimate of Chabad’s population.
– Chabad has a presence in various countries like the United States, Israel, France, Canada, and the United Arab Emirates.

Activities, Organizations, and Geographic Presence:
– Over 3,500 Chabad centers in 100 countries as of 2020, with a significant presence in North America.
– Chabad institutions include Agudas Chasidei Chabad, Merkos L’Inyonei Chinuch, Machneh Israel, and Kehot Publication Society.
– Chabad’s activities include Jewish education, outreach, literature publishing, and summer camps catering to various age groups and aspects of Jewish life.
– Chabad centers rely on local community funding, with funds used for purchasing and renovating centers, synagogues, and mikvahs.

Chabad (Wikipedia)

Chabad, also known as Lubavitch, Habad and Chabad-Lubavitch (US: /xəˈbɑːd luˈbɑːvɪ/; Hebrew: חב״ד לובביץּ׳; Yiddish: חב״ד ליובאוויטש), is an Orthodox Jewish Hasidic dynasty. Chabad is one of the world's best-known Hasidic movements. It is one of the largest Hasidic groups as well as one of the largest Jewish religious organizations in the world. Unlike most Haredi groups, which are self-segregating, Chabad mainly operates in the wider world and it caters to secularized Jews.

Formation1775 (249 years ago) (1775)
FounderSchneur Zalman of Liadi
Founded atLiozno, Russian Empire
Purposeeducational, philanthropic, religious studies, spirituality
Headquarters770 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.
Region served
Membership (2018)
Key people
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
SecessionsStrashelye, Kopust, Liadi, Niezhin, Avrutch, Malachim
AffiliationsHasidic Judaism

Founded in 1775 by Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi, the name "Chabad" (חב״ד) is an acronym formed from three Hebrew words—Chokhmah, Binah, Da'at, the first three sefirot of the kabbalistic Tree of Life: חכמה, בינה, דעת, "Wisdom, Understanding, and Knowledge"—which represent the intellectual and kabbalistic underpinnings of the movement. The name Lubavitch derives from the town in which the now-dominant line of leaders resided from 1813 to 1915. Other, non-Lubavitch scions of Chabad either disappeared or merged into the Lubavitch line. In the 1930s, the sixth Rebbe of Chabad, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, moved the center of the Chabad movement from Russia to Poland. After the outbreak of World War II, he moved the center of the movement to the United States.

Between 1951 and 1994, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson transformed the movement into one of the most widespread Jewish movements in the world. Under his leadership, Chabad established a large network of institutions that seek to satisfy the religious, social and humanitarian needs of Jews across the world for one sole purpose, to bring as many secular Jews back into the religious fold. Chabad institutions provide outreach to unaffiliated Jews and humanitarian aid, as well as religious, cultural and educational activities. During his life and after his death, Schneerson has been believed by most of his followers to be the Messiah, with his own position on the matter original debated among the group’s scholars. Messianic ideology in Chabad sparked controversy in various Jewish communities and it is still an unresolved matter. Following his death, no successor was appointed as a new central leader.

The global population of Chabad has been estimated to be 90,000–95,000 adherents, accounting for 13% of the global Hasidic population. However, up to one million Jews are estimated to attend Chabad services at least once a year. In a 2020 study, the Pew Research Center found that 16% of American Jews participated in Chabad services or activities at least semi-regularly.

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