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Behavioral neuroscience

History and Foundations: – Emerged from scientific and philosophical traditions in the 18th and 19th centuries – René Descartes and William James played significant roles […]

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History and Foundations:
– Emerged from scientific and philosophical traditions in the 18th and 19th centuries
– René Descartes and William James played significant roles in its development
– Localization of function research enhanced understanding of brain-behavior control
– Physiology’s emergence from anatomy led to the formation of behavioral neuroscience

Relationships and Interdisciplinary Connections:
– Behavioral neuroscience closely linked with comparative psychology, ethology, and neurobiology
– Paradigmatic similarities with neuropsychology
– Synonyms include biopsychology, biological psychology, and psychobiology
– Humans serve as experimental subjects in many behavioral neuroscience studies

Research Methods and Techniques:
– Behavioral neuroscience experiments involve biological independent or dependent variables
– Methods include lesions, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and synthetic ligand injection
– Optogenetic inhibition and electrical stimulation are used to enhance neural function
– Various genetic techniques like QTL mapping and genetic engineering are employed

Neural Function Manipulation:
– Lesions, electrical stimulation, and optogenetic inhibition can disable or enhance neural function
– Techniques like deep brain stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation are used
– Neurofeedback allows individuals to regulate brain activity through real-time feedback

Applications and Impact:
– Behavioral neuroscientists study themes like sensation, perception, and motivated behavior
– Contributions have been made in areas like language, reasoning, and consciousness
– Insights into medical disorders like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases have been provided
– Understanding mental illnesses like depression, schizophrenia, and autism has been enhanced

Behavioral neuroscience (Wikipedia)

Behavioral neuroscience, also known as biological psychology, biopsychology, or psychobiology, is the application of the principles of biology to the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in humans and other animals.

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