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Behavioral neurology

Behavioral Neurology: – Studies impact of neurological damage on behavior, memory, and cognition – Associated with neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology – Recognized as a subspecialty in […]

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Behavioral Neurology:

– Studies impact of neurological damage on behavior, memory, and cognition
– Associated with neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology
– Recognized as a subspecialty in the U.S. since 2004
– Has historical roots in ancient Greeks and Egyptians
– Experienced renaissance in the U.S. through Norman Geschwind’s work

Historical Development:

– 19th-century saw rise of behavioral neurology
– Localization theories by Franz Gall
– First localizations in aphasias by Broca and Wernicke
– Clinical descriptions of dementias by Alzheimer and Pick
– Karl Lashley’s work challenged localization theory in the mid-20th century

Norman Geschwind’s Impact:

– Led to renaissance of behavioral neurology in the U.S.
– Known for work on disconnection syndromes and aphasia
– Coined Geschwind syndrome related to limbic epilepsy
– Considered the father of behavioral neurology
– Trained notable behavioral neurologists like Antonio Damasio

In Vivo Neuroimaging:

– Emerged in the 1980s
– Strengthened interest in cognitive neurosciences
– Enabled lesion, structural, and functional correlations
– Provided insights into behavioral dysfunction in living individuals
– Revolutionized the field of behavioral neurology

See Also:

– Psychology portal
– Behavioral neuroscience

References:

– Benson DF (1993). The history of behavioral neurology
– Martha J. Farah and Todd E. Feinberg’s book on Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology
– Valenstein and Heilman’s work on Clinical Neuropsychology

Behavioral neurology (Wikipedia)

Behavioral neurology is a subspecialty of neurology that studies the impact of neurological damage and disease upon behavior, memory, and cognition, and the treatment thereof. Two fields associated with behavioral neurology are neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology. In the United States, 'Behavioral Neurology & Neuropsychiatry' has been recognized as a single subspecialty by the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (UCNS) since 2004.

Syndromes and diseases commonly studied by behavioral neurology include:

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