Memorial Day Offer

Discover your mystery discount!

Anabolism

Pathway: – Polymerization joins monomers to build macromolecules like nucleic acids, proteins, and polysaccharides. – Macromolecules are created from smaller molecules using enzymes and cofactors. […]

« Back to Glossary Index

Pathway:
– Polymerization joins monomers to build macromolecules like nucleic acids, proteins, and polysaccharides.
– Macromolecules are created from smaller molecules using enzymes and cofactors.
– ATP drives the endergonic process of anabolism.
– Anabolism is powered by catabolism, breaking down large molecules into smaller parts.
– Hydrolyzing ATP provides chemical energy for anabolic reactions.

Energy source:
– Anabolism is powered by ATP cleavage and reduction, requiring energy input.
– Cofactors like NADH, NADPH, and FADH act as electron carriers in anabolic pathways.
– Metal ions stabilize charged functional groups on substrates.
– Anabolic processes can be driven by entropy without energy input.
– Precursor molecules are joined using energy from hydrolyzing ATP.

Cofactors:
– NADH, NADPH, and FADH act as reducing agents in anabolic pathways.
– Metal ions within enzymes stabilize charged functional groups.
– Cofactors play crucial roles at various steps in anabolic pathways.
– NADH, NADPH, and FADH act as electron carriers.
– Cofactors help drive anabolic reactions by reducing energy requirements.

Substrates:
– Anabolic substrates are mostly intermediates from catabolic pathways.
– Substrates are utilized during high energy charge periods in the cell.
– Precursor molecules are essential for anabolic reactions.
– Substrates are derived from catabolic pathways.
– Anabolism utilizes intermediates from various metabolic processes.

Functions:
– Anabolic processes build organs and tissues.
– Growth and differentiation of cells occur during anabolism.
– Increase in body size involves synthesis of complex molecules.
– Examples include bone mineralization and muscle mass increase.
– Anabolic hormones like steroids and insulin stimulate protein synthesis and muscle growth.

Anabolism (Wikipedia)

Anabolism (/əˈnæbəlɪzəm/) is the set of metabolic pathways that construct macromolecules like DNA or RNA from smaller units. These reactions require energy, known also as an endergonic process. Anabolism is the building-up aspect of metabolism, whereas catabolism is the breaking-down aspect. Anabolism is usually synonymous with biosynthesis.

Schematic diagram showing anabolism and catabolism
« Back to Glossary Index
This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies.