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Affective neuroscience

Brain Structures in Affective Neuroscience: – Emotions linked to brain areas directing attention, behavior, decision-making – Limbic system structures: amygdala, thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, fornix – […]

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Brain Structures in Affective Neuroscience:
– Emotions linked to brain areas directing attention, behavior, decision-making
– Limbic system structures: amygdala, thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, fornix
– Additional vital structures: basal ganglia, orbitofrontal cortex, prefrontal cortex, ventral striatum, insula
– Functions of key limbic system components: amygdala (fear detection), thalamus (signal integration), hypothalamus (physical response), hippocampus (memory), fornix (memory functions)

Right Hemisphere and Emotion Processing:
– Role of right hemisphere in emotional functioning and processing
– C.K. Mills’ hypothesis on emotions being linked to the right hemisphere
– Emotional expression and understanding controlled by right hemisphere structures
– Right hemisphere hypothesis and valence hypothesis emphasizing the significance of the right hemisphere in emotional processing

Cognitive Neuroscience and Affective Neuroscience:
– Emotions integral to thought processes
– Convergence of cognitive and affective neuroscience in the late 1990s
– Focus on memory, attention, perception, problem-solving, and mental imagery
– Overlapping neural and mental mechanisms in emotional and non-emotional processes

Cognitive Neuroscience Tasks in Affective Neuroscience Research:
– Behavioral inhibition and emotional influence in tasks like emotion go/no-go
– Neuroimaging studies on emotional regulation and prefrontal cortex involvement
– Emotional Stroop test measuring attention to emotional stimuli
– Utilization of tasks in studying healthy individuals and patients with affective disorders

Emotion Assessment Tools in Affective Neuroscience:
– Ekman 60 Faces Task for emotion recognition
– Dot Probe task for visual attention to affective stimuli
– Fear Potentiated Startle as an index of fear reaction
– Applications in studying emotion regulation deficits, attentional biases, and fear learning in various disorders

Affective neuroscience (Wikipedia)

Affective neuroscience is the study of how the brain processes emotions. This field combines neuroscience with the psychological study of personality, emotion, and mood. The basis of emotions and what emotions are remains an issue of debate within the field of affective neuroscience.

The term "affective neuroscience" was coined by neuroscientist Jaak Panksepp, at a time when cognitive neuroscience focused on parts of psychology that did not include emotion, such as attention or memory.

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